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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 502083, 6 pages
Research Article

Development of Ternary and Quaternary Catalysts for the Electrooxidation of Glycerol

1Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Espírito Santo, 29075-910 Vitória, ES, Brazil
2Department of Chemistry, São Paulo University, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
3Equipe Electrocatalyse, LACCO, UMR 6503 Université de Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet, B27-BP 633, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France

Received 30 November 2011; Accepted 18 December 2011

Academic Editors: A. Sabarudin and M. E. Tiritan

Copyright © 2012 L. M. Artem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This work consisted in the preparation of platinum-based catalysts supported on carbon (Vulcan XC-72) and investigation of their physicochemical and electrochemical properties. Catalysts of the C/Pt-Ni-Sn-Me (Me = Ru or Ir) type were prepared by the Pechini method at temperature of 350C. Four different compositions were homemade: C/Pt60Sn10Ni30, C/Pt60Sn10Ni20Ru10, C/Pt60Sn10Ni10Ru20, and C/Pt60Sn10Ni10Ir20. These catalysts were electrochemically and physically characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) in the presence of glycerol 1.0 mol dm−3, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). XRD results showed the main peaks of face-centered cubic Pt. The particle sizes obtained from XRD and HRTEM experiments were close to values ranging from 3 to 8.5 nm. The CV results indicate behavior typical of Pt-based catalysts in acid medium. The CV and CA data reveal that quaternary catalysts present the highest current density for the electrooxidation of glycerol.