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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 516358, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/516358
Research Article

Strategies to Fight Stigma toward People with Mental Disorders: Perspectives from Different Stakeholders

1School of Rehabilitation, Université de Sherbrooke, and Centre for Action in Work Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, 150 Place Charles LeMoyne, Longueuil, QC, Canada J4K 0A8
2Association Québécoise pour la Réadaptation Psychosociale, 2380 Avenue du Mont-Thabor, Bureau 205, Québec, QC, Canada G1J 3W7
3Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education, University of Trento, Matteo del Ben 5, 38068 Rovereto, Italy
4Département de Psychiatrie, Centre de Recherche Fernand-Seguin, Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine, Université de Montréal, 7401 Rue Hochelaga, Montréal, QC, Canada H1N 3M5
5Department of Psychiatry, Yale Program for Recovery & Community Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Erector Square, Building One, 319 Peck Street, New Haven, CT 06513, USA

Received 6 August 2012; Accepted 13 September 2012

Academic Editors: E. Broekaert, R. C. Rapp, W. Vanderplasschen, and S. Vandevelde

Copyright © 2012 Marc Corbière et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study aims to provide a more complete and exhaustive perspective on the whole range of potential strategies to fight stigma by considering the perspectives of different stakeholders. Delegates to a Canadian conference were invited to participate in a survey that focused on stigma, from which the responses to the following question were analyzed: tell us briefly what you do to reduce prejudice and stigma toward people with a diagnosis of mental disorder? From 253 participants, 15 categories of strategies to fight stigma were identified from the verbatim (e.g., sharing/encouraging disclosure). These categories fell under six main themes: education, contact, protestation, person centered, working on recovery and social inclusion, and reflexive consciousness. The occurrence of these themes was different among stakeholders (clinical, organizational, and experiential knowledge). For example, people with mental disorders (experiential knowledge) often mentioned contact and person centered strategies, while mental health professionals (clinical knowledge) preferred education and working on recovery and social inclusion strategies. The results from this study highlight the need to pay more attention to the concept of disclosure of mental disorders in the process for de-stigmatization. Future studies are needed to assess the impact of the emerging strategies to fight stigma in the community.