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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 578616, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/578616
Research Article

High-Sensitivity Troponin T and Copeptin in Non-ST Acute Coronary Syndromes: Implications for Prognosis and Role of hsTnT and Copeptin in Non-STEACS

1Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, 30120 Murcia, Spain
2Servicio de Análisis Clínicos, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, 30120 Murcia, Spain
3Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, 03010 Alicante, Spain

Received 24 October 2011; Accepted 28 November 2011

Academic Editor: Gabriele Di Giammarco

Copyright Β© 2012 Diana HernΓ‘ndez-Romero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

High-sensitivity TnT (hsTnT) has been proposed to improve the diagnosis and stratification in acute coronary syndromes. Copeptin has been proposed for a rapid and accurate rule out of acute myocardial infarction, but some doubts exist about its use out of the first hours from admission. Abnormalities of serum hsTnT and copeptin levels in non-STEACS and negative TnT, could have prognostic implications. Methods. We included 122 non-STEACS patients without raised TnT, 33 disease controls and 43 healthy controls. We measured hsTnT and copeptin levels. Clinical follow-up at 12 months was performed for adverse endpoints. Results. Non-STEACS patients had raised hsTnT compared with both control groups ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 3 6 and 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ). Copeptin levels were higher in non-STEACS patients than healthy controls ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 2 1 ), without differences with disease controls. Raised levels of hs-TnT presented prognostic implications [HR 3.29 (95%CI: 1.33–7.49), 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 0 ]. hs-TnT could be used for invasive approach decision, as it shows prognostic relevance in conservative approach-patients whereas remains unrelevant for catheterized-patients. Copeptin levels were not associated with adverse events. Conclusion. hsTnT levels increased in non-STEACS, were predictive of adverse events and could be important for recommending an invasive management. We cannot confirm a predictive role of copeptin out of the first hours from admission.