The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 8

Research Article

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Positive Youth Development Program for Secondary Students in Macau

Table 8

The changes of the new participants based on the different objective indicators.

PretestPosttest  t-valueP value
MeanSDMeanSD

New participants ( 𝑛 = 6 3 )
 BO subscale4.550.714.310.802.3800.020
 RP subscale3.960.903.940.890.1260.900
 EC subscale3.980.844.240.982.4020.019
 CC subscale4.220.724.440.802.4180.019
 ID subscale3.790.784.080.803.0230.004
 BF subscale4.060.833.860.741.7590.083
 PI subscale4.000.994.050.950.3440.732
 SP subscale4.451.274.631.211.2180.228
 CYPDS4.240.574.270.550.5320.596
 LIFE3.320.813.621.092.1380.037
 SA2.810.773.070.842.3240.023
 BI1.620.501.910.514.3760.000
 BI (item 1)2.571.062.901.002.4900.005
 BI (item 2)1.350.741.700.913.0170.004
 BI (item 4)1.490.781.941.003.7270.000

Note: BO: bonding, RP: recognition for positive behavior subscale, EC: emotional competence subscale, CC: cognitive competence subscale. ID: clear and positive identity subscale, BF: beliefs in the future subscale, PI: prosocial involvement subscale, SP: spirituality subscale, CPYDS: mean of the 15 subscales, LIFE: life satisfaction scale, SA: school adjustment measures, BI: behavioral intention scale, BI (item 1): will you drink alcohol in the coming 2 years? BI (item 2): will you smoke cigarettes in the coming 2 years? BI (item 4): will you have sex in the future 2 years? Significant 𝑃 values are in bold.

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