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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 808245, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/808245
Research Article

The Association between Socioeconomic Characteristics and Consumption of Food Items among Brazilian Industry Workers

1Postgraduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2600, CEP 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
2Unit of Health and Safety of Work, Serviço Social da Indústria (SESI), SBN - Quadra 01 - Bloco C - Ed. Roberto Simonsen, CEP 70040-903 Brasília, DF, Brazil
3Coordenação Nacional de Hipertensão e Diabetes do Departamento de Atenção Básica, Ministério da Saúde, SAF/Sul, Trecho 02, Lote 05/06 - Torre II, CEP 70070-600 Brasília, DF, Brazil
4Disciplina de Cardiologia, Escola Paulista de Medicina, UNIFESP, Pedro de Toledo, 720 - Vila Mariana, CEP 04039-002 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
5Departamento de Medicina Clínica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235-Cidade Universitária, CEP 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil
6Postgraduate Studies Program in Cardiology, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2600, CEP 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Received 7 February 2012; Accepted 27 February 2012

Academic Editors: E. Kirk and A. Turrini

Copyright © 2012 Daniele B. Vinholes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Dietary pattern plays a causative role in the rising of noncommunicable diseases. The SESI (Serviço Social da Indústria) study was designed to evaluate risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. We aimed to describe food items consumed by Brazilian workers and to assess their association with socioeconomic status. Methods. Cross-sectional study was carried out among Brazilian industrial workers, selected by multistage sampling, from 157 companies. Interviews were conducted at the work place using standardized forms. Results. 4818 workers were interviewed, aged 3 5 . 4 ± 1 0 . 7 years, 76.5% were men. The workers had an average of 8 . 7 ± 4 . 1 years of schooling and 2 5 . 4 ± 4 . 1  kg/m2 of BMI. Men and individuals with less than high school education were less likely to consume dairy products, fruits, and vegetables daily, even after control for confounding factors. Men consumed rice and beans daily more often than women. In comparison to workers aged 50–76 years, those under 30 years old consumed less fruits and green leafy vegetables daily. Conclusion. The food items consumed by Brazilian workers show that there are insufficient consumption according to the guidelines of healthy foods, particularly of dairy products, vegetables, and fruits.