The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children

Table 3

Severity of diaper dermatitis in the study groups before and after treatment.

ParametersAloe ( 𝑛 = 3 2 )Calendula ( 𝑛 = 3 4 )

Before treatment
00 (0%)0 (0%)
11 (3.1%)0 (0%)
211 (33.3%)7 (20.6%)
311 (33.3%)15 (44.1%)
49 (28.1%)12 (35.3%)
After treatment
00 (0%)7 (20.6%)
118 (56.3%)17 (50%)
29 (25%)10 (29.4%)
32 (6.3%)0 (0%)
43 (9.4%)0 (0%)

Within-group comparison

𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1

Between-group comparison

𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 1

Values are expressed as number (%). Comparisons have been made using Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon-signed rank test, or Student’s t-test.

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