Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 825189, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/825189
Research Article

Age of First Suicide Attempt in Men and Women: An Admixture Analysis

1Department of Psychiatry, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, IIS, CIBERSAM, Autonoma University, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, CIBERSAM, 28049 Madrid, Spain
3Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
4Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Carlos III University, 28903 Getafe, Spain

Received 29 October 2011; Accepted 18 December 2011

Academic Editors: Y. Bloch and S. Borgwardt

Copyright © 2012 Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. S. Paykel, J. K. Myers, J. J. Lindenthal, and J. Tanner, “Suicidal feelings in the general population: a prevalence study,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 460–469, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. Satcher, “Remarks at the release of the surgeon general's call to action to prevent suicide,” Basis for the Assistant Secretary for Health and Surgeon General's oral remarks, Washington, DC, USA, 1999.
  3. J. J. Mann, “Neurobiology of suicidal behaviour,” Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 819–828, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. J. Mann, D. A. Brent, and V. Arango, “The neurobiology and genetics of suicide and attempted suicide: a focus on the serotonergic system,” Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 467–477, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Anguelova, C. Benkelfat, and G. Turecki, “A systematic review of association studies investigating genes coding for serotonin receptors and the serotonin transporter—I. Affective disorders,” Molecular Psychiatry, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 574–591, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. V. Arango, Y. Y. Huang, M. D. Underwood, and J. J. Mann, “Genetics of the serotonergic system in suicidal behavior,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 375–386, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. A. Oquendo, E. Baca-Garcia, J. J. Mann, and J. Giner, “Issues for DSM-V: suicidal behavior as a separate diagnosis on a separate axis,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 165, no. 11, pp. 1383–1384, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Nordstrom, M. Samuelsson, and M. Asberg, “Survival analysis of suicide risk after attempted suicide,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 336–340, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. L. Beautrais, “Suicide and serious suicide attempts in youth: a multiple-group comparison study,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, no. 6, pp. 1093–1099, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. M. Melhem, D. A. Brent, M. Ziegler et al., “Familial pathways to early-onset suicidal behavior: familial and individual antecedents of suicidal behavior,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 164, no. 9, pp. 1364–1370, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. S. Brodsky, M. Oquendo, S. P. Ellis, G. L. Haas, K. M. Malone, and J. J. Mann, “The relationship of childhood abuse to impulsivity and suicidal behavior in adults with major depression,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 158, no. 11, pp. 1871–1877, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Roy, “Relationship of childhood trauma to age of first suicide attempt and number of attempts in substance dependent patients,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 121–125, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. E. Heikkinen, E. T. Isometsa, H. M. Aro, S. J. Sarna, and J. K. Lonnqvist, “Age-related variation in recent life events preceding suicide,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 183, no. 5, pp. 325–331, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. L. Von Knorring, M. Bohman, L. Von Knorring, and L. Oreland, “Platelet MAO activity as a biological marker in subgroups of alcoholism,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 51–58, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. Bellivier, J. L. Golmard, C. Henry, M. Leboyer, and F. Schürhoff, “Admixture analysis of age at onset in bipolar I affective disorder,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 510–512, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Schürhoff, J. L. Golmard, A. Szoke et al., “Admixture analysis of age at onset in schizophrenia,” Schizophrenia Research, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 35–41, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. C. Kessler, G. P. Amminger, S. Aguilar-Gaxiola, J. Alonso, S. Lee, and T. B. Üstün, “Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature,” Current Opinion in Psychiatry, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 359–364, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Slama, P. Courtet, J. L. Golmard et al., “Admixture analysis of age at first suicide attempt,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 895–900, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. A. Oquendo, M. E. Bongiovi-Garcia, H. Galfalvy et al., “Sex differences in clinical predictors of suicidal acts after major depression: a prospective study,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 134–141, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Y. Dombrovski, K. Szanto, P. Duberstein, K. R. Conner, P. R. Houck, and Y. Conwell, “Sex differences in correlates of suicide attempt lethality in late life,” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 905–913, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Lester, “Sex differences in methods for suicide,” Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 79, no. 1, p. 418, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Zhang, R. E. Mckeown, J. R. Hussey, S. J. Thompson, and J. R. Woods, “Gender differences in risk factors for attempted suicide among young adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 167–174, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Levinson, Z. Haklai, N. Stein, and E. S. Gordon, “Suicide attempts in Israel: age by gender analysis of a national emergency departments database,” Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 97–102, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Nordentoft and J. Branner, “Gender differences in suicidal intent and choice of method among suicide attempters,” Crisis, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 209–212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. W. O'Carroll, A. L. Berman, R. W. Maris, E. K. Moscicki, B. L. Tanney, and M. M. Silverman, “Beyond the tower of babel: a nomenclature for suicidology,” Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 237–252, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. M. Silverman, A. L. Berman, N. D. Sanddal, P. W. O'Carroll, and T. E. Joiner, “Rebuilding the tower of babel: a revised nomenclature for the study of suicide and suicidal behaviors—part 1: background,rationale, and methodology,” Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 248–263, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. V. Sheehan, Y. Lecrubier, K. H. Sheehan et al., “The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 59, supplement 20, pp. 22–33, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. Egan, E. Austin, D. Elliot, D. Patel, and P. Charlesworth, “Personality traits, personality disorders and sensational interests in mentally disordered offenders,” Legal and Criminological Psychology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 51–62, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Loranger, International Personality Disorder Examination: ICD-10 Module, American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, USA, 1995.
  30. H. Blasco-Fontecilla, E. Baca-Garcia, K. Dervic et al., “Specific features of suicidal behavior in patients with narcissistic personality disorder,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1583–1587, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. Blasco-Fontecilla, E. Baca-Garcia, P. Duberstein et al., “An exploratory study of the relationship between diverse life events and specific personality disorders in a sample of suicide attempters,” Journal of Personality Disorders, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 773–784, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Tyrer, “Recurrence of self-harm & severity of personality disorder,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 120, no. 1, p. 82, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. E. Baca-Garcia, P. C. Parra, M. M. Perez-Rodriguez et al., “Psychosocial stressors may be strongly associated with suicide attempts,” Stress and Health, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 191–198, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. M. Weissman, P. J. Leaf, M. Livingston Bruce, and L. Florio, “The epidemiology of dystmia in five communities: rates, risks, comorbidity, and treatment,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 145, no. 7, pp. 815–819, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. S. D. Beck and I. Herman, “Development of suicidal intent scales,” in The Prediction of Suicide, Charles Press, Bowie, Md, USA, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  36. H. Misson, F. Mathieu, F. Jollant et al., “Factor analyses of the Suicidal Intent Scale (SIS) and the Risk-Rescue Rating Scale (RRRS): toward the identification of homogeneous subgroups of suicidal behaviors,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 121, no. 1-2, pp. 80–87, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. L. Brown and F. K. Goodwin, “Cerebrosinal fluid correlates of suicide attempts and aggression,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 487, pp. 175–188, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. A. Oquendo, E. Baca-Garcia, R. Graver, M. Morales, V. Montalvan, and J. J. Mann, “Spanish adaptation of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11),” European Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 147–155, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Baca-Garcia, M. A. Oquendo, J. Saiz-Ruiz, J. J. Mann, and J. De Leon, “A pilot study on differences in aggression in New York City and Madrid, Spain, and their possible impact on suicidal behavior,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 375–380, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Zouk, M. Tousignant, M. Seguin, A. Lesage, and G. Turecki, “Characterization of impulsivity in suicide completers: clinical, behavioral and psychosocial dimensions,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 92, no. 2-3, pp. 195–204, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. M. Weissman, R. C. Bland, G. J. Canino et al., “Prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in nine countries,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. E. Arensman, A. J. Kerkhof, M. W. Hengeveld, and J. D. Mulder, “Medically treated suicide attempts: a four year monitoring study of the epidemiology in The Netherlands,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 285–289, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. Fekete, V. Voros, and P. Osvath, “Gender differences in suicide attempters in Hungary: retrospective epidemiological study,” Croatian Medical Journal, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 288–293, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. E. Baca-Garcia, C. Diaz-Sastre, J. De Leon, and J. Saiz-Ruiz, “The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 50–60, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. J. Mann, C. Waternaux, G. L. Haas, and K. M. Malone, “Toward a clinical model of suicidal behavior in psychiatric patients,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 156, no. 2, pp. 181–189, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. C. Haw and K. Hawton, “Life problems and deliberate self-harm: associations with gender, age, suicidal intent and psychiatric and personality disorder,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 109, no. 1-2, pp. 139–148, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P. R. Duberstein, Y. Conwell, K. R. Conner, S. Eberly, and E. D. Caine, “Suicide at 50 years of age and older: perceived physical illness, family discord and financial strain,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 137–146, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. S. Murase, S. Ochiai, M. Ueyama, S. Honjo, and T. Ohta, “Psychiatric features of seriously life-threatening suicide attempters: a clinical study from a general hospital in Japan,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 379–383, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Bernal, J. M. Haro, S. Bernert et al., “Risk factors for suicidality in Europe: results from the ESEMED study,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 101, no. 1–3, pp. 27–34, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. C. Holmstrand, G. Engstrom, and L. Traskman-Bendz, “Disentangling dysthymia from major depressive disorder in suicide attempters' suicidality, comorbidity and symptomatology,” Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. M. C. Zanarini, F. R. Frankenburg, A. A. Vujanovic, J. Hennen, D. B. Reich, and K. R. Silk, “Axis II comorbidity of borderline personality disorder: description of 6-year course and prediction to time-to-remission,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 110, no. 6, pp. 416–420, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. D. A. Brent, M. Oquendo, B. Birmaher et al., “Familial pathways to early-onset suicide attempt: risk for suicidal behavior in offspring of mood-disordered suicide attempters,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 801–807, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. D. A. Brent, M. Oquendo, B. Birmaher et al., “Peripubertal suicide attempts in offspring of suicide attempters with siblings concordant for suicidal behavior,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, no. 8, pp. 1486–1493, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. Stevenson, R. Meares, and A. Comerford, “Diminished impulsivity in older patients with borderline personality disorder,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 165–166, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. T. Caldera, A. Herrera, G. Kullgren, and E. S. Renberg, “Suicide intent among parasuicide patients in Nicaragua: a surveillance and follow-up study,” Archives of Suicide Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 351–360, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. K. Skogman, M. Alsen, and A. Ojehagen, “Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide-a follow-up study of 1052 suicide attempters,” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 113–120, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar