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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 915798, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/915798
Research Article

Synthesis of Furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides and Their Cu, CO and Ni Complexes

Department of Chemistry, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Nám. J. Herdu 2, 91701 Trnava, Slovakia

Received 19 October 2011; Accepted 25 December 2011

Academic Editors: N. Fontanals and N. Micale

Copyright © 2012 Renata Gašparová et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Carboxhydrazides 3 were synthesized by reaction of substituted furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides 1 with 4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxaldehyde 2 in the presence of 3-methyl-benzenesulfonic acid in ethanol. Carboxhydrazides 3 were used as ligands for synthesis of Cu, Co, and Ni complexes 4.

1. Introduction

Carboxhydrazides and their derivatives represent an interesting class of compounds which exhibit antitumor [1], antimicrobial [2], analgesic, and anti-inflammatory [3] activities. Complexes of carbohydrazides are also known for their biological activity. La(I) and Sm(II) complexes of 6-hydroxy chromone-3-carboxaldehyde benzoyl hydrazone were tested against tumor cell lines including HL-60 and A-549 [4]. Zn(II) complex of 4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone binds to DNA and possesses a significant antioxidant activity [5].

The present study is a follow-up paper to our previous research dealing with the synthesis and reactions of furo[3,2-b]pyrrole system [6, 7] and the study of its biological activity. The effect of 𝑁 -{[5-(R-phenyl)furan-2-yl]methylene}-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4H-furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides on inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport in spinach chloroplasts and chlorophyll content in the antialgal suspensions of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated [8].

2. Experimental

Melting points of products were determined on a Kofler hot plate apparatus and are uncorrected. All solvents were predistilled and dried appropriately prior to use. 1H NMR spectra were obtained on a 300 MHz spectrometer VARIAN GEMINI 2000 in CDCl3 or DMSO- 𝑑 6 with tetramethylsilane as an internal standard. Elemental analyses were measured on EAGER 300 apparatus. Electronic spectra were measured in Nujol mull on Specord 200 (Analytical Jena) in the range of 50,000–9,000 cm−1. IR spectra were measured on Shimadzu IRAffinity-1 apparatus in KBr.

2.1. Synthesis of Ligands 3a–3d

A mixture of furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carbohydrazide 1 (10 mmol) and 4-oxochromene-3-carboxaldehyde 2 (10 mmol) was heated for 1–4 h at 50–60°C in ethanol (20 cm3) in the presence of 4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid. The solid products were filtered off, dried, and crystallized from ethanol.

𝑁 -[(4-Oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-2,3,4-trimethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazide (tmfupy) (3a)
For C20H17N3O4 (363.4): Mp 251–255°C; react. time 2.5 h; yield: 81%; 1H NMR (CDCl3): 10.98 (1H, brs, NH); 8.93 (1H, s, H-2); 8.69 (1H, s, H-9); 8.20 (1H, d, J = 2.5 Hz, H-5); 7.95 (1H, d, J = 7.2 Hz, H-6); 7.68 (1H, ddd, J = 8.1, 7.3, 1.6 Hz, H-7); 7.50 (1H, d, J = 8.4 Hz, H-8); 6.57 (1H, s, H-6′); 4.05 (3H, s, CH3); 2.36 (3H, s, CH3); 2.21 (3H, s, CH3). IR (KBr): 3446, 2916, 1624, 1538, 1466, 1429, 1331, 1274, 1130, 1027, 781 cm−1.

𝑁 -[(4-Oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-4-methyl-[1]benzofuro[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboyhydrazide (mebfupy) (3b)
For C22H15N3O4 (385.4): Mp 241–245°C; react. time 1 h; yield: 85%; 1H NMR (CDCl3): 11.71 (1H, brs, NH); 8.83 (1H, s, H-2); 8.55 (1H, s, H-9); 8.16-7.72 (4H, m, H-2′, H-3′, H-4′, H-5′); 7.36-7.22 (4H, m, H-5, H-6, H-7, H-8); 7.15 (1H, s, H-6′); 4.31 (3H, s, CH3). IR (KBr): 3442, 2910, 1644, 1628, 1547, 1465, 1431, 1365, 1273, 1142, 1027, 788 cm−1.

𝑁 -[(4-Oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-4-benzyl-[1]benzofuro[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazide (bzbfupy) (3c)
For C28H19N3O4 (461.5): Mp 263–266°C; react. time 4 h; yield: 82%; 1H NMR (CDCl3): 11.69 (1H, brs, NH); 8.81 (1H, s, H-2); 8.56 (1H, s, H-9); 8.17-7.75 (4H, m, H-2′, H-3′, H-4′, H-5′); 7.39-7.29 (4H, m, H-5, H-6, H-7, H-8); 7.27-7.16 (5H, m, Ph); 7.13 (1H, s, H-6′); 5.65 (2H, s, CH2). IR (KBr): 3442, 2909, 1648, 1630, 1541, 1468, 1429, 1357, 1273, 1138, 1026, 776 cm−1.

2-Methyl- 𝑁 -[(4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-4H-furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazide (mefupy) (3d)
For C18H13N3O4 (335.3): Mp 253–256°C; react. time 2.5 h; yield 60%; 1H NMR (DMSO- 𝑑 6 ): 11.53 (1H, s, NH); 11.46 (1H, brs, NH); 8.84 (1H, s, H-2); 8.19-8.16 (2H, m, H-5, H-9); 7.87 (1H, ddd, J = 7.2, 6.9, 1.5 Hz, H-7); 7.75 (1H, d, J = 7.8 Hz, H-8); 7.57 (1H, ddd, J = 8.1, 6.9, 1.2 Hz, H-6); 7.01 (1H, s, H-6′); 6.27 (1H, s, H-3′). IR (KBr): 3441, 2890, 1640, 1631, 1541, 1471, 1443, 1358, 1273, 1135, 1022, 762 cm−1.

2.2. Synthesis of Complexes 4a–4g

Ligand 3 (0.5 mmol) was dissolved in acetone (10 cm3) at 70°C. A solution of metal (M2+) nitrate or chloride [Ni(NO3)2·6H2O, Co(NO3)2·6H2O, CoCl2·6H2O, CuCl2·2H2O] (0.5 mmol) was added dropwise. Precipitate which was formed immediately, was filtered off, washed with acetone (3 × 15 cm3), and dried.

[Ni(tmfupy)NO3]NO3·H2O (4a)
Yield: 80%; Anal. Calcd. for C20H19N5NiO11 (564.1); C, 42.58; H, 3.40; N, 12.42; Ni, 10.41. Found: C, 42.97; H, 3.21; N, 12.57; Ni, 11.69%. IR (KBr): 3446, 2343, 1630, 1616, 1574, 1419, 1375, 1261, 1136, 1018, 754 cm−1.

[Co(mebfupy)NO3]NO3·H2O (4b)
Yield: 88%; Anal. Calcd. for C22H17CoN5O11(586.3); C, 45.07; H, 2.92; N, 11.94; Co 10.05. Found: C, 46.96; H, 2.71; N, 12.07 Co, 11.54%. IR (KBr): 3385, 2360, 1616, 1516, 1382, 1263, 1024, 752 cm−1.

[Co(mefupy)NO3]NO3·H2O (4c)
Yield: 78%; Anal. Calcd. for C, 40.31; H, 2.82; N, 13.06; Co, 10.99. Found: C, 42.12; H, 2.70; N, 13.33; Co, 11.72%. IR (KBr): 3385, 2343, 1627, 1605, 1558, 1384, 1261, 1141, 1029, 758 cm−1.

[Cu(tmfupy)Cl2]H2O (4d)
Yield: 81%; Anal. Calcd. for C20H19Cl2CuN3O5 (515.8); C, 46.57; H, 3.71; N, 8.15; Cu, 12.32. Found: C, 45.45; H, 3.62; N, 7.79; Cu, 11.95%. IR (KBr): 3414, 2344, 1631, 1616, 1587, 1560, 1419, 1375, 1267, 1141, 1067, 767 cm−1.

[Cu(bzbfupy)Cl2]H2O (4e)
Yield: 93%; Anal. Calcd. for C28H21Cl2CuN3O5 (613.9); C, 54.78; H, 3.45; N, 6.84; Cu, 10.35. Found: C, 52.03; H, 3.02; N, 6.48; Cu, 10.84%. IR (KBr): 3421, 2343, 1630, 1616, 1584, 1419, 1325, 1269, 1155, 1032, 696 cm−1.

[Co(mefupy)Cl2]H2O (4f)
Yield: 77%; Anal. Calcd. for C18H15Cl2CoN3O5 (483.2); C, 44.74; H, 3.13; N, 8.70; Co, 12.20. Found: C, 45.06; H, 3.24; N, 9.30; Cu, 11.45%. IR (KBr): 3385, 2364, 1631, 1616, 1602, 1577, 1431, 1323, 1227, 1136, 1095, 761 cm−1.

[Cu(mefupy)Cl2]H2O (4g)
Yield: 84%; Anal. Calcd. for C18H15Cl2CuN3O5 (487.8); C, 44.32; H, 3.10; N, 8.61; Cu, 13.03. Found: C, 45.16; H, 3.07; N, 9.04; Cu, 12.88%. IR (KBr): 3431, 2331, 1628, 1616, 1597, 1431, 1325, 1230, 1137, 1031, 758 cm−1.

3. Results and Discussion

N′-[(4-Oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-2-R1-3-R2-4-R-furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides 3a–3d were synthesized in 60–85% yields by reaction of 1 with 2 in ethanol in the presence of 4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid by heating at 50–60°C for 1–4 h (Scheme 1).

915798.sch.001
Scheme 1: Synthesis of carboxhydrazides 3 and their complexes 4.

The 1H NMR spectra of compounds 3a–3d displayed signals of H-2 pyran protons in the 8.81–8.93 ppm range, H-6 pyrrole protons in the 7.36–7.95 ppm range, and signals due to CH=N bonded protons in the 8.19–8.69 ppm range. The chemical shifts and the multiplicity confirmed the proposed structures.

Carboxhydrazides 3 were subsequently used as ligands in complexation reactions with solutions of metal (M2+) chlorides or nitrates [Ni(NO3)2·6H2O, Co(NO3)2·6H2O, CoCl2·6H2O, CuCl2·2H2O] in acetone at 70°C. Complexes 4 were obtained in high yields (78–93%).

Structures of 4 were determined by the elemental analyses and electronic spectra. Electronic spectrum of hexacoordinated Ni(II) ion shows transitions at 10000 ( 3 A 2 g 3 T 2 g ) and 16000 cm−1   ( 3 A 2 g 3 T 1 g ) . The third transition ( 3 A 2 g 3 T 1 g ) , which is probably overlapped, should be at about 26000 cm−1   (Figure 1).

915798.fig.001
Figure 1

Electronic spectra of hexacoordinated Co (II) show weak transitions at 15000 cm−1   ( 4 T 1 g 4 A 2 g ) and transitions at 19000 cm−1  ( 4 T 1 g 4 T 1 g (P)). Next transitions over 20000 cm−1  could be overlapped by strong charge-transfer transitions (Figure 2).

915798.fig.002
Figure 2

Hexacoordinated Cu(II) ion has tetragonal symmetry with transitions up to 10000 cm−1   ( 2 B 1 g 2 A 1 g ) and 16000 cm−1   ( 2 B 1 g 2 B 2 g ) (Figure 3).

915798.fig.003
Figure 3

Electronic spectrum of tetracoordinated Co(II) ion shows characteristic transitions in the area of 15000–16000 cm−1  (4A24T1(P)) (Figure 4).

915798.fig.004
Figure 4

4. Conclusion

Furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides 1 reacted substituted with 4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxaldehyde 2 to give N′-[(4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]-2-R1-3-R2-4-R-furo[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxhydrazides 3, which served as ligands for synthesis of Cu, Co, and Ni complexes 4.

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the Slovak Research Agency under Contracts nos. VEGA 1/1274/12 and 1/0233/12.

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