The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics to Estimate Hemodynamic Effects of Respiration on Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Surgery: Total Cavopulmonary Connection Treatments

Figure 1

Clinical data as boundary conditions taking respiration into account. (a) Velocity data as inlet boundary conditions at the IVC, LIV, and RIV. (b) Pressure data as outlet boundary conditions at the LPA and RPA (IVC: inferior vena cava; LIV: left innominate vein; RIV: right innominate vein; LPA: left pulmonary artery; RPA: right pulmonary artery; ECG: electrocardiogram).