Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 134656, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/134656
Research Article

Antioxidant Characterization of Oak Extracts Combining Spectrophotometric Assays and Chemometrics

1Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, University of Novi Sad, Antona Čehova 13, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia

Received 27 August 2013; Accepted 17 September 2013

Academic Editors: N. Ercal and Z. Gao

Copyright © 2013 Boris M. Popović et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. A. Sanchez-Burgos, M. V. Ramirez-Maresb, M. M. Larrosac et al., “Antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitopoisomerase and gastroprotective effect of herbal infusions from four Quercus species,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 42, pp. 57–62, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. K. Haneca, K. C. Katarina Čufar, and H. Beeckman, “Oaks, tree-rings and wooden cultural heritage: a review of the main characteristics and applications of oak dendrochronology in Europe,” Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Cvjetićanin, R. O. Košanin, and M. Novaković, “Ekološke jedinice šuma hrasta kitnjakau istraživanim sastojinama severoistočne Srbije,” Šumarstvo, vol. 3, pp. 25–36, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Knežević, V. Babić, Z. Galić, and O. Košanin, “Osobine zemljišta u šumama hrasta kitnjaka (Quercetum montanum typicum Čer. et Jov. 1953) na području Fruške gore,” Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta, vol. 104, pp. 97–108, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  5. http://www.about-oak-trees.com/index2.htm.
  6. I. M. G. Lopes and M. G. Bernardo-Gil, “Characterisation of acorn oils extracted by hexane and by supercritical carbon dioxide,” European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 12–19, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. León-Camacho, I. Viera-Alcaide, and I. M. Vicario, “Acorn (Quercus spp.) fruit lipids: saponifiable and unsaponifiable fractions: a detailed study,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 447–453, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Rakić, S. Petrović, J. Kukić et al., “Influence of thermal treatment on phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of oak acorns from Serbia,” Food Chemistry, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 830–834, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Rakić, D. Povrenović, V. Tešević, M. Simić, and R. Maletić, “Oak acorn, polyphenols and antioxidant activity in functional food,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 416–423, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. E. Pallenbach, E. Scholz, M. König, and H. Rimpler, “Proanthocyanidins from Quercus petraea bark,” Planta Medica, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 264–268, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. A. Kuliev, A. D. Vdovin, N. D. Abdullaev, A. B. Makhmatkulov, and V. M. Malikov, “Study of the catechins and proanthocyanidins of Quercus robur,” Chemistry of Natural Compounds, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 642–652, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. B. Pandey and S. I. Rizvi, “Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 270–278, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Cai, Q. Luo, M. Sun, and H. Corke, “Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of 112 traditional Chinese medicinal plants associated with anticancer,” Life Sciences, vol. 74, no. 17, pp. 2157–2184, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. J. Kim, B. K. Ghimire, H. C. Shin et al., “Comparison of phenolic compounds content in indeciduous Quercus species,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 6, no. 39, pp. 5228–5239, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Brossa, I. Casals, M. Pintó-Marijuan, and I. Fleck, “Leaf flavonoid content in Quercus ilex L. resprouts and its seasonal variation,” Trees, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 401–408, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Kamalak, O. Canbolat, O. Ozay, and S. Aktas, “Nutritive value of oak (Quercus spp.) leaves,” Small Ruminant Research, vol. 53, no. 1-2, pp. 161–165, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. P. S. Makkar, R. K. Dawra, and B. Singh, “Tannin levels in leaves of some oak species at different stages of maturity,” Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 513–519, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Andrenšek, B. Simonovska, I. Vovk, P. Fyhrquist, H. Vuorela, and P. Vuorela, “Antimicrobial and antioxidative enrichment of oak (Quercus robur) bark by rotation planar extraction using ExtraChrom,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 181–187, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. B. Ng, F. Liu, and Z. T. Wang, “Antioxidative activity of natural products from plants,” Life Sciences, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 709–723, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Paquin and P. Lechasseur, “Observations sur une méthode de dosage de la proline libre dans les extraits de plantes,” Canadian Journal of Botany, vol. 57, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. D. von Wettstein, “Chlorophyll-letale und der submikroskopische Formwechsel der Plastiden,” Experimental Cell Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 427–506, 1957. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. M. Bradford, “A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 248–254, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Hagerman, I. Harvey-Mueller, and H. P. S. Makker, Quantification of Tannins in the Foliage—A Laboratory Manual, FAO/IAEA, Vienna, Austria, 2000.
  24. K. R. Markham, “Flavones, flavonols and their glycosides,” in Methods in Plant Biochemistry, P. M. Dey and J. B. Harborne, Eds., Academic Press, London, UK, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  25. I. F. F. Benzie and J. J. Strain, “Ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay: direct measure of total antioxidant activity of biological fluids and modified version for simultaneous measurement of total antioxidant power and ascorbic acid concentration,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 299, pp. 15–27, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. I. Cacig and M. I. Szabo, “Spectrophotometric method for the study of the antioxidant activity applied on Ziziphus jujoba and Hydrangea paniculata aqueous extracts,” in Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke (Proceedings for Natural Sciences), pp. 87–93, Matica Srpska, Novi Sad, Serbia, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. C. Espín, C. Soler-Rivas, and H. J. Wichers, “Characterization of the total free radical scavenger capacity of vegetable oils and oil fractions using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 648–656, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. Brand-Williams, M. E. Cuvelier, and C. Berset, “Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity,” LWT—Food Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. C. Green, D. A. Wagner, J. Glogowski, P. L. Skipper, J. S. Wishnok, and S. R. Tannenbaum, “Analysis of nitrate, nitrite, and [15N]nitrate in biological fluids,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 131–138, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. Dasgupta and B. De, “Antioxidant activity of Piper betle L. leaf extract in vitro,” Food Chemistry, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 219–224, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. J. Davies, “The oxidative environment and protein damage,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1703, no. 2, pp. 93–109, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Kemp, Y. M. Go, and D. P. Jones, “Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of thiol/disulfide redox systems: a perspective on redox systems biology,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 921–937, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. O. V. Bulda, V. V. Rassadina, H. N. Alekseichuk, and N. A. Laman, “Spectrophotometric measurement of carotenes, xanthophylls, and chlorophylls in extracts from plant seeds,” Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 544–551, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. P. Saradhi, A. Alia, S. Arora, and K. V. S. K. Prasad, “Proline accumulates in plants exposed to UV radiation and protects them against UV induced peroxidation,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 209, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. N. Krishnan, M. B. Dickman, and D. F. Becker, “Proline modulates the intracellular redox environment and protects mammalian cells against oxidative stress,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 671–681, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. R. Stewart, “Proline accumulation: biochemical aspects,” in Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought Resistance in Plants, L. G. Paleg and D. Aspinall, Eds., pp. 243–251, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Maggio, S. Miyazaki, P. Veronese et al., “Does proline accumulation play an active role in stress-induced growth reduction?” Plant Journal, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 699–712, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Rakić, R. Maletić, M. Perunović, and G. Svrzić, “Influence of thermal treatment on tannin content and antioxidation effect of oak acorn Quercus cerris extract,” Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 49, pp. 97–106, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  39. J. I. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. G. Kim, K. T. Lee, I. H. Ham, and W. K. Whang, “Antioxidant compounds from Quercus salicina Blume stem,” Archives of Pharmacal Research, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 274–278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. J. P. Salminen, T. Roslin, M. Karonen, J. Sinkkonen, K. Pihlaja, and P. Pulkkinen, “Seasonal variation in the content of hydrolyzable tannins, flavonoid glycosides, and proanthocyanidins in oak leaves,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1693–1711, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Maqsood and S. Benjakul, “Comparative studies of four different phenolic compounds on in vitro antioxidative activity and the preventive effect on lipid oxidation of fish oil emulsion and fish mince,” Food Chemistry, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 123–132, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. L. Prior, X. Wu, and K. Schaich, “Standardized methods for the determination of antioxidant capacity and phenolics in foods and dietary supplements,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 4290–4302, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. D. Ŝtajner, B. M. Popović, J. Ĉanadanović-Brunet, and G. Anaĉkov, “Exploring Equisetum arvense L., Equisetum ramosissimum L. and Equisetum telmateia L. as sources of natural antioxidants,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 546–550, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. D. Štajner, B. M. Popović, A. Kapor, P. Boža, and M. Štajner, “Antioxidant and scavenging capacity of Anacamptis pyrimidalis L.—Pyrimidal orchid from Vojvodina,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 759–763, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. D. Štajner, B. M. Popović, D. Ćalić-Dragosavac, Đ. Malenčić, and S. Zdravković-Korać, “Comparative study on Allium schoenoprasum cultivated plant and Allium schoenoprasum tissue culture organs antioxidant status,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 1618–1622, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. B. M. Popović, D. Štajner, K. Slavko, and B. Sandra, “Antioxidant capacity of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.)—comparison between permanganate reducing antioxidant capacity and other antioxidant methods,” Food Chemistry, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. 734–741, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. E. R. Sindhu, K. C. Preethi, and R. Kuttan, “Antioxidant activity of carotenoid lutein in vitro and in vivo,” Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 843–848, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. J. Rivas-Arreola, N. E. Rocha-Guzmán, J. A. Gallegos-Infante et al., “Antioxidant activity of oak (Quercus) leaves infusions against free radicals and their cardioprotective potential,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 537–545, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus