Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 137620, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/137620
Research Article

Emotional Burnout, Perceived Sources of Job Stress, Professional Fulfillment, and Engagement among Medical Residents in Malaysia

1Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University (IMU), No. 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2International Medical School, Management and Science University (MSU), University Drive, Off Persiaran Olahraga, Section 13, Shah Alam, 40100 Selangor, Malaysia
3Medical Department, Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital (HTAR), Jalan Langat, Klang, 41200 Selangor, Malaysia
4Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine, Perdana University, Maeps Building, Mardi Complex, Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia

Received 7 August 2013; Accepted 20 September 2013

Academic Editors: N. Homedes and R. Mikolajczyk

Copyright © 2013 Sami Abdo Radman Al-Dubai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Ozyurt, O. Hayran, and H. Sur, “Predictors of burnout and job satisfaction among Turkish physicians,” QJM, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 161–169, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Maslach and S. E. Jackson, “Burnout in health professions: a social psychological analysis,” in Social Psychology of Health and Illness, G. Sanders and J. Suls, Eds., pp. 227–251, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  3. B. Sibbald, I. Enzer, C. Cooper, U. Rout, and V. Sutherland, “GP job satisfaction in 1987, 1990 and 1998: lessons for the future?” Family Practice, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 364–371, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. S. B. Yusoff, T. Y. Jie, and A. R. Esa, “Stress, stressors and coping strategies among house officers in a Malaysian hospital,” ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 12, no. 1, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  5. W. Woloschuk, P. Harasym, and H. Mandin, “Implementing a clinical presentation curriculum: impact on students stress and workload,” Teaching and Learning in Medicine, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 44–50, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. S. Cohen and S. Patten, “Well-being in residency training: a survey examining resident physician satisfaction both within and outside of residency training and mental health in Alberta,” BMC Medical Education, vol. 5, article 21, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Baba, “Workplace stress among doctors in government hospitals: an empirical study,” International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 208–220, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Williams, J. Dale, E. Glucksman, and A. Wellesley, “Senior house officers' work related stressors, psychological distress, and confidence in performing clinical tasks in accident and emergency: a questionnaire study,” British Medical Journal, vol. 314, no. 7082, pp. 713–718, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. A. Issa, A. D. Yussuf, G. T. Olanrewaju, and A. O. Oyewole, “Stress in residency training as perceived by resident doctors in a Nigerian university teaching hospital,” European Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 253–259, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. E. Levey, “Sources of stress for residents and recommendations for programs to assist them,” Academic Medicine, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 142–150, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. C. Baldwin Jr. and S. R. Daugherty, “Sleep deprivation and fatigue in residency training: results of a national survey of first- and second-year residents,” Sleep, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 217–223, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. S. Williams, “Manitoba suicides force consideration of stresses facing medical residents,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 156, no. 11, pp. 1599–1602, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. B. Shaufelli, A. B. Bakker, F. M. M. A. van der Heijden, and J. T. Prins, “Workaholism, burnout and well-being among junior doctors: the mediating role of role conflict,” Work Stress, vol. 23, pp. 155–172, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. A. R. Al-Dubai and K. G. Rampal, “Prevalence and associated factors of burnout among doctors in Yemen,” Journal of Occupational Health, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 58–65, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Alacacioglu, T. Yavuzsen, M. Dirioz, I. Oztop, and U. Yilmaz, “Burnout in nurses and physicians working at an oncology department,” Psycho-Oncology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 543–548, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. C. McManus, B. C. Winder, and D. Gordon, “The causal links between stress and burnout in a longitudinal study of UK doctors,” The Lancet, vol. 359, no. 9323, pp. 2089–2090, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. A. Bovier, F. Arigoni, M. Schneider, and M. B. Gallacchi, “Relationships between work satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and mental health among Swiss primary care physicians,” European Journal of Public Health, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 611–617, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Kristhnamoorthy, “At least five doctors to suffer from mental woes every month,” 2008, http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/11/30/nation/2684863&sec=nation.
  19. A. Aminah, “Work-family conflict among junior physicians: its' mediating role in the relationship between role overload and emotional exhaustion,” Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 265–271, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Thillainathan, “Implementation of flexi hours for house officers,” SCHOMOS, Malaysian Medical Association August Edition, pp. 16–18, 2011.
  21. Ministry of Health Malaysia, “Implementation of flexi working hours for house-officers,” 2012, http://www.moh.gov.my/.
  22. K. B. Chan, G. Lai, Y. C. Ko, and K. W. Boey, “Work stress among six professional groups: the Singapore experience,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 1415–1432, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. J. E. Ndom and A. B. Makanjuola, “Perceived stress factors among resident doctors in a Nigerian teaching hospital,” West African Journal of Medicine, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 232–235, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Brown and R. B. Gunderman, “Viewpoint: enhancing the professional fulfillment of physicians,” Academic Medicine, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 577–582, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. C. McManus, H. Jonvik, P. Richards, and E. Paice, “Vocation and avocation: leisure activities correlate with professional engagement, but not burnout, in a cross-sectional survey of UK doctors,” BMC Medicine, vol. 9, article 100, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. W. Beckstead, “Confirmatory factor analysis of the Maslach Burnout Inventory among Florida nurses,” International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 785–792, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Maslach, W. B. Schaufeli, and M. P. Leiter, “Job burnout,” Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 52, pp. 397–422, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. D. Shanafelt, K. A. Bradley, J. E. Wipf, and A. L. Back, “Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 136, no. 5, pp. 358–367, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Msaouel, N. C. Keramaris, A. Tasoulis et al., “Burnout and training satisfaction of medical residents in Greece: will the European Work Time Directive make a difference?” Human Resources for Health, vol. 8, article 16, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. K. Thomas, “Resident burnout,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 23, pp. 2880–2889, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. Bilgel, N. Bayram, H. Ozdemir, F. Dogan, and D. Ekin, “Work engagement, burnout and vigor among a group of medical residents in Turkey,” British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 220–238, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. M. R. Oreskovich, K. L. Kaups, C. M. Balch et al., “Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 168–174, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. S. Haas, E. F. Cook, A. L. Puopolo, H. R. Burstin, P. D. Cleary, and T. A. Brennan, “Is the professional satisfaction of general internists associated with patient satisfaction?” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 122–128, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. Lingard and V. Francis, “Does a supportive work environment moderate the relationship between work-family conflict and burnout among construction professionals?” Construction Management and Economics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 185–196, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. W. O. Osler, “The student life,” in Aequanimitas with Other Addresses, p. 397, The Blackiston, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 1952. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Sararaks and R. Jamaluddin, “Demotivating factors among government doctors in Negeri Sembilan,” Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 310–319, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Public Service Department, “Malaysian Remuneration System—revised salary adjustment schedule,” 2012, http://www.jpa.gov.my/.
  38. J. Siegrist, “Place, social exchange and health: proposed sociological framework,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 1283–1293, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Thillainathan, “Review of the houseman's Flexi Hour Shift System,” Berita MMA, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 14–16, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  40. B. P. Wood, “Decision making in radiology,” Radiology, vol. 211, no. 3, pp. 601–603, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus