The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Association of Blood Pressure and Hypertension with Alcohol Consumption in HIV-Infected White and Nonwhite Patients

Table 1

Characteristics of HIV-infected individuals according to skin color ( (%) or mean ± SD).

Total ( )Whites ( )Nonwhites ( ) value

Male628 (50.6)391 (55.1)237 (44.7)<0.001
Age (years) 0.5
Educational attainment (years) <0.001
Smoking525 (42.3)298 (42.0)227 (42.8)0.4
Physical activity0.049
 Low321 (25.9)199 (28.0)122 (23.0)
 Moderate398 (32.1)232 (32.7)166 (31.3)
 High521 (42.0)279 (39.3)242 (45.7)
Alcohol consumption0.7
 Abstemious414 (33.4)233 (32.8)181 (34.2)
 Social drinking757 (61.0)440 (62.0)317 (59.8)
 Abusive drinking69 (5.6)37 (5.2)32 (6.0)
Frequency of alcohol consumption0.7
 Abstemious414 (33.4)233 (32.8)181 (34.2)
 Monthly440 (35.5)249 (35.1)191 (36.0)
 Weekly386 (31.1)228 (32.1)158 (29.8)
Binge drinking211 (17.0)117 (55.5)94 (44.5)0.7
 Abstemious414 (33.4)233 (32.8)181 (34.2)
 No616 (49.7)360 (50.7)255 (48.1)
 Yes210 (16.9)117 (16.5)94 (17.7)
Body mass index (kg/m²) 0.4
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.9
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.06
Hypertension241 (19.4)120 (16.9)121 (22.8)0.009
Time since HIV infection (years)0.005
 ≥6.0404 (32.6)250 (35.3)154 (29.1)
 3.0–5.9350 (28.2)176 (24.8)174 (32.8)
 <3.0485 (39.1)283 (39.9)202 (38.1)
HIV/HCV coinfection 261 (22.2)143 (21.2)118 (23.5)0.3
AIDS diagnosis892 (72.2)510 (72.0)382 (72.3)0.9
Lifetime HAART use815 (65.7)467 (65.8)348 (65.7)0.9
Lifetime protease inhibitor use468 (37.7)277 (39.0)191 (36.0)0.3
CD4 (cell/mm3)0.08
 <350476 (38.8)258 (36.7)218 (41.6)
 ≥350751 (61.2)445 (63.3)306 (58.4)

HAART: highly active antiretroviral therapy; HCV: hepatitis C virus; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; SD: standard deviation.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.