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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 192656, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/192656
Research Article

Total Economic Value of Wetlands Products and Services in Uganda

1School of Forestry, Environment and Geographical Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
2Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
3Department of Agribusiness and Natural Resources, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Received 19 June 2013; Accepted 28 July 2013

Academic Editors: J. Bai, H. Cao, and B. Cui

Copyright © 2013 Willy Kakuru et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Wetlands provide food and non-food products that contribute to income and food security in Uganda. This study determined the economic value of wetland resources and their contribution to food security in the three agroecological zones of Uganda. The values of wetland resources were estimated using primary and secondary data. Market price, Productivity, and Contingent valuation methods were used to estimate the value of wetland resources. The per capita value of fish was approximately US$ 0.49 person−1. Fish spawning was valued at approximately US$ 363,815 year−1, livestock pastures at US$ 4.24 million, domestic water use at US$ 34 million year−1, and the gross annual value added by wetlands to milk production at US$ 1.22 million. Flood control was valued at approximately US$ 1,702,934,880 hectare−1 year−1 and water regulation and recharge at US$ 7,056,360 hectare−1 year−1. Through provision of grass for mulching, wetlands were estimated to contribute to US$ 8.65 million annually. The annual contribution of non-use values was estimated in the range of US$ 7.1 million for water recharge and regulation and to US$ 1.7 billion for flood control. Thus, resource investment for wetlands conservation is economically justified to create incentives for continued benefits.