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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 268623, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/268623
Research Article

Analysis of Land Use/Land Cover Changes Using Remote Sensing Data and GIS at an Urban Area, Tirupati, India

Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh 517 502, India

Received 9 April 2013; Accepted 29 April 2013

Academic Editors: K. Nemeth, G. Ventura, and G.-L. Yuan

Copyright © 2013 Praveen Kumar Mallupattu and Jayarama Reddy Sreenivasula Reddy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Land use/land cover (LU/LC) changes were determined in an urban area, Tirupati, from 1976 to 2003 by using Geographical Information Systems (GISs) and remote sensing technology. These studies were employed by using the Survey of India topographic map 57 O/6 and the remote sensing data of LISS III and PAN of IRS ID of 2003. The study area was classified into eight categories on the basis of field study, geographical conditions, and remote sensing data. The comparison of LU/LC in 1976 and 2003 derived from toposheet and satellite imagery interpretation indicates that there is a significant increase in built-up area, open forest, plantation, and other lands. It is also noted that substantial amount of agriculture land, water spread area, and dense forest area vanished during the period of study which may be due to rapid urbanization of the study area. No mining activities were found in the study area in 1976, but a small addition of mining land was found in 2003.