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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 343275, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/343275
Review Article

Biobanking in a Constantly Developing Medical World

1University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
2Bagdasar-Arseni Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
3Medico Science SRL, Craiova, Romania

Received 13 May 2013; Accepted 10 July 2013

Academic Editors: D. Matthopoulos and M. Mottolese

Copyright © 2013 Stefan-Alexandru Artene et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Biobank is a very sophisticated system that consists of a programmed storage of biological material and corresponding data. Biobanks are created to be used in medical research, in clinical and translational medicine, and in healthcare. In the past 20 years, a large number of biobanks have been set up around the world, to support the modern research directions in medicine such as omix and personalized medicine. More recently, embryonic and adult stem cell banks have been developed. Stem cell banking was reported to be required for medical research as well as clinical transplant applications. The quality of the samples stored in a biobank is very important. The standardization is also important; the biological material stored in a biobank must be processed in a manner that allows compatibility with other biobanks that preserve samples in the same field. In this paper, we review some issues related to biobanks purposes, quality, harmonization, and their financial and ethical aspects.