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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 373120, 5 pages
Research Article

Gender Differences in Maladaptive Cognitive Schema in Orphans in Dakahlia, Egypt

1Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
2Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt

Received 4 August 2013; Accepted 30 September 2013

Academic Editors: D. Caselli and A. Guzzetta

Copyright © 2013 Abdel-Hady El-Gilany et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The objective of this study was to assess the gender differences of maladaptive cognitive schema among orphans in Dakahlia governorate orphanages. A cross-sectional comparative study included 152 orphan boys and 48 orphan girls in all orphanages homes in Dakahlia governorate, Egypt. Data collection tools included a structured interview questionnaire for personal data; early maladaptive schema questionnaire-short form (EMSQ-SF). The mean score of the total YSQ and all the subscales, except self-sacrifice and unrelenting standards, are significantly higher among females than males. Attention should be given to the psychological care of the orphans especially security, trust, confidence, and autonomy with more attention to orphan girls.