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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 379641, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/379641
Review Article

New Therapeutics to Treat Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer

1VKF American Hospital, Guzelbahce sokak, Nisantasi, Istanbul 34365, Turkey
2School of Medicine, Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, Istanbul 34450, Turkey

Received 7 February 2013; Accepted 9 May 2013

Academic Editors: M. Fishman and S. Srinivas

Copyright © 2013 Ömer Acar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The effective treatment of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) has proven to be very challenging. Until recently, docetaxel was the only therapeutic demonstrated to extend overall patient survival. Yet recently, a considerable number of new therapeutics have been approved to treat CRPC patients. These remarkable advances now give new tools for the therapeutic management of late-stage prostate cancer. In this review, we will examine mechanistic and clinical data of several newly approved therapeutics including the chemotherapeutic cabazitaxel, antiandrogen enzalutamide, endocrine disruptor abiraterone acetate, immunotherapy sipuleucel-T, and bone-targeting radiopharmaceutical alpharadin. In addition, we will examine other promising therapeutics that are currently in Phase III trials.