The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Evaluation of the Sustaining Effects of Tai Chi Qigong in the Sixth Month in Promoting Psychosocial Health in COPD Patients: A Single-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Demographic and baseline data of subjects by group allocation [11]*.

TCQ ( ) Exercise ( ) Control ( ) P value

Age (Year), mean (SD) 71.7 (8.2) 73.6 (7.5) 73.6 (7.4) 0.24
Gender
 Male (%) 69 (99) 61 (88) 58 (87)
 Female (%) 1 (1) 8 (12) 9 (13)
Years of COPD, mean (SD) 10.3 (9.3) 10.6 (8.8) 12.4 (10.6) 0.32
Marital status0.51
 Married (%) 64 (91.4) 60 (87.0) 54 (80.6)
 Single (%) 1 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.0)
 Separated (%) 1 (1.4) 1 (1.4) 2 (3.0)
 Widowed (%) 4 (5.7) 8 (11.6) 9 (13.4)
Live with0.30
 Alone (%) 4 (5.7) 4 (5.8) 8 (11.9)
 Family (%) 66 (94.3) 65 (94.2) 59 (88.1)
Education level0.38
 Illiteracy (%) 9 (12.9) 10 (14.5) 14 (20.9)
 Primary (%) 41 (58.6) 47 (68.1) 37 (55.2)
 Secondary (%) 18 (25.7) 9 (13.0) 15 (22.4)
 Tertiary or above (%) 2 (2.9) 3 (4.3) 1 (1.5)
Religious beliefs0.33
 Yes (%)28 (40.0)30 (43.5)26 (38.8)
 No (%)42 (60.0)39 (56.5)41 (61.2)
Smoking status 0.81
 Second hand smoker (%) 1 (1.4) 2 (2.9) 3 (4.5)
 Never smoke (%) 2 (2.9) 4 (5.8) 3 (4.5)
 Ex-smoker (%) 55 (78.6) 47 (68.1) 46 (68.7)
 Current smoker (%) 12 (17.1) 16 (23.2) 15 (22.4)
Stage of COPD0.50
 Mild (%) 7 (10) 13 (19) 12 (18)
 Moderate (%) 31 (44) 26 (38) 29 (43)
 Severe (%) 32 (46) 30 (43) 26 (39)
Coexisting diseases
 Heart disease (%) 9 (13) 10 (15) 6 (9) 0.58
 HT (%) 28 (40) 36 (52) 28 (42) 0.21
 DM (%) 7 (10) 6 (9) 7 (10) 0.95
No co-existing disease (%) 16 (23) 16 (23) 20 (30) 0.13
SGRQ-HKC, mean (SD)42.7 (15.1)37.0 (16.6)39.4 (16.2)0.11
Total MSPSS-C, mean (SD)50.3 (18.1)50.2 (17.1)46.6 (16.4)0.38

Refer to reference [11].
HT: hypertension; DM: diabetes mellitus; SGRQ: St George’s respiratory questionnaire; MSPSS: multidimensional scale of perceived social support; .

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