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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 437926, 11 pages
Research Article

QoS and Energy Aware Cooperative Routing Protocol for Wildfire Monitoring Wireless Sensor Networks

Engineering School of Telecommunications of Tunis (Sup’Com), City of Communications Technologies, El Ghazala 2083, Ariana, Tunisia

Received 22 March 2013; Accepted 12 May 2013

Academic Editors: A. E. Cetin, I. Korpeoglu, B. U. Toreyin, and S. Verstockt

Copyright © 2013 Mohamed Maalej et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are presented as proper solution for wildfire monitoring. However, this application requires a design of WSN taking into account the network lifetime and the shadowing effect generated by the trees in the forest environment. Cooperative communication is a promising solution for WSN which uses, at each hop, the resources of multiple nodes to transmit its data. Thus, by sharing resources between nodes, the transmission quality is enhanced. In this paper, we use the technique of reinforcement learning by opponent modeling, optimizing a cooperative communication protocol based on RSSI and node energy consumption in a competitive context (RSSI/energy-CC), that is, an energy and quality-of-service aware-based cooperative communication routing protocol. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm performs well in terms of network lifetime, packet delay, and energy consumption.