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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 469413, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/469413
Review Article

Morphological and Surgical Overview of Adolescent Testis Affected by Varicocele

1Department of Biomorphology and Biotechnologies, A.O.U. “G. Martino”, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria, 98125 Messina, Italy
2Department of Pediatric, Gynaecological, Microbiological and Biomedical Sciences, A.O.U. “G. Martino”, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria, 98125 Messina, Italy

Received 1 September 2013; Accepted 8 October 2013

Academic Editors: F. H. De Jong and G. F. Steinhardt

Copyright © 2013 Giuseppe Santoro and Carmelo Romeo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Varicocele is a common pathology of the testis frequently associated with infertility. For its management, a fine morphological study of the testis, both macroscopically and microscopically, and an accurate choice of surgical procedure are mandatory. The present review focuses its attention on the anatomic substrates of adolescent varicocele and its pathophysiologic modifications. The comprehensive assessment of all the reported alterations should be considered by the clinician before deciding the type of treatment and the timing.