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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 680257, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/680257
Research Article

Optimizing Available Phosphorus in Calcareous Soils Fertilized with Diammonium Phosphate and Phosphoric Acid Using Freundlich Adsorption Isotherm

1Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, School of Earth and Environment, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
2Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, P.O. Box 128, Jhang Road, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
3Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan

Received 13 August 2013; Accepted 24 September 2013

Academic Editors: S. R. Larson and D. Musmarra

Copyright © 2013 Asif Naeem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In calcareous soils, phosphorus (P) retention and immobilization take place due to precipitation and adsorption. Since soil pH is considered a major soil variable affecting the P sorption, an acidic P fertilizer could result in low P adsorption compared to alkaline one. Therefore, P adsorption from DAP and phosphoric acid (PA) required to produce desired soil solution P concentration was estimated using Freundlich sorption isotherms. Two soils from Faisalabad and T. T. Singh districts were spiked with 0, 10, and 20 % for 15 days. Freundlich adsorption isotherms ( ) were constructed, and theoretical doses of PA and DAP to develop a desired soil solution P level (i.e., 0.20 mg L−1) were calculated. It was observed that P adsorption in soil increased with . Moreover, at all the levels of , P adsorption from PA was lower compared to that from DAP in both the soils. Consequently, lesser quantity of PA was required to produce desired solution P, 0.2 mg L−1, compared to DAP. However, extrapolating the developed relationship between soil contents and quantity of fertilizer to other similar textured soils needs confirmation.