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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 734923, 9 pages
Research Article

The Segmental Morphometric Properties of the Horse Cervical Spinal Cord: A Study of Cadaver

1Department of Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Selcuk, Selcuklu, 42075 Konya, Turkey
2Department of Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kirikkale, Yahsihan, 71451 Kirikkale, Turkey

Received 25 December 2012; Accepted 16 January 2013

Academic Editors: N. J. Christensen, J. Gonzalez-Soriano, and H. Moriyama

Copyright © 2013 Sadullah Bahar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although the cervical spinal cord (CSC) of the horse has particular importance in diseases of CNS, there is very little information about its segmental morphometry. The objective of the present study was to determine the morphometric features of the CSC segments in the horse and possible relationships among the morphometric features. The segmented CSC from five mature animals was used. Length, weight, diameter, and volume measurements of the segments were performed macroscopically. Lengths and diameters of segments were measured histologically, and area and volume measurements were performed using stereological methods. The length, weight, and volume of the CSC were  cm,  g, and  cm3, respectively. The length of the segments was increased from to , while it decreased from to . The gross section (GS), white matter (WM), grey matter (GM), dorsal horn (DH), and ventral horn (VH) had the largest cross-section areas at . The highest volume was found for the total segment and WM at , GM, DH, and VH at , and the central canal (CC) at . The data obtained not only contribute to the knowledge of the normal anatomy of the CSC but may also provide reference data for veterinary pathologists and clinicians.