Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 790580, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/790580
Research Article

Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of the Essential Oil and Extracts of Zanthoxylum alatum Grown in North-Western Himalaya

1Natural Product Laboratory, Division of Biochemistry and Plant Physiology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chatha, Jammu 180009, India
2School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110067, India
3School of Biotechnology, University of Jammu, Jammu 180006, India
4Division of Cancer Pharmacology, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR, India), Canal Road, Jammu 180001, India
5Division of Plant Pathology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chatha, Jammu 180009, India

Received 21 March 2013; Accepted 29 April 2013

Academic Editors: S. Cuzzocrea and G.-C. Yen

Copyright © 2013 Sanjay Guleria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. White, “Children, pesticides and cancer,” Ecologist, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 100–105, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. B. Isman, “Plant essential oils for pest and disease management,” Crop Protection, vol. 19, no. 8-10, pp. 603–608, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. J. Brent and D. W. Hollomon, Fungicide Resistance: The Assessment of Risk, FRAC, Monograph 2, Global Crop Protection Federation, Brussel, Belgium, 1998.
  4. N. K. Roy and P. Dureja, “New eco-friendly pesticides for integrated pest management,” Pest World, vol. 3, pp. 16–21, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. R. Sridhar, R. V. Rajagopal, R. Rajavel, S. Masilamani, and S. Narasimhan, “Antifungal activity of some essential oils,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 26, pp. 7596–7599, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Perry, A. K. Raina, A. Nunomura, T. Wataya, L. M. Sayre, and M. A. Smith, “How important is oxidative damage? Lessons from Alzheimer's disease,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 831–834, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck, and M. Idaomar, “Biological effects of essential oils: a review,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 446–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Karpinska, J. Borowski, and M. Danowski-oziewcz, “The use of natural antioxidants in ready to serve food,” Food Chemistry, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 5–9, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Ito, S. Fukushima, A. Hagiwara, M. Shibata, and T. Ogiso, “Carcinogenicity of butylated hydroxyanisole in F344 rats,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 343–352, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. M. Sabir and J. B. T. Rocha, “Water-extractable phytochemicals from Phyllanthus niruri exhibit distinct in vitro antioxidant and in vivo hepatoprotective activity against paracetamol-induced liver damage in mice,” Food Chemistry, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 845–851, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. A. Hammer, C. F. Carson, and T. V. Riley, “Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 86, no. 6, pp. 985–990, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Sokmen, M. Gulluce, H. A. Akpulat et al., “The in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts of endemic Thymus spathulifolius,” Food Control, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 627–634, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Majid, M. Arshad, M. Ahmad, E. Ahmad, and M. Ishaque, “Ethanophototherapies for the treatment of various diseases by the local people of selected area of NWFP (Pakistan),” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1104–1108, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. Halliwell and J. M. C. Gutteridge, “Oxygen toxicity, oxygen radicals, transition metals and disease,” Biochemical Journal, vol. 219, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Chaudière and R. Ferrari-Iliou, “Intracellular antioxidants: from chemical to biochemical mechanisms,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 37, no. 9-10, pp. 949–962, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, Allured Publishing Corporation, 4th edition, 2007.
  17. J. Singh and N. N. Tripathi, “Inhibition of storage fungi of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) by some essential oils,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  18. F. Oke, B. Aslim, S. Ozturk, and S. Altundag, “Essential oil composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Satureja cuneifolia Ten,” Food Chemistry, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 874–879, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. NCCLS (National Committee of Clinical Laboratory Standards), “National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Reference method for broth dilution antifungal susceptibility testing of yeasts: proposed standard,” M27-A2, 2002.
  20. W. J. Begue and R. M. Kline, “The use of tetrazolium salts in bioauthographic procedures,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 182–184, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Bozin, N. Mimica-Dukic, N. Simin, and G. Anackov, “Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oils,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1822–1828, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Abe, T. Murata, and A. Hirota, “Novel DPPH radical scavengers, bisorbicillinol and demethyltrichodimerol, from a fungus,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 661–666, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Oyaizu, “Studies on product of browning reaction prepared from glucosamine,” Japanese Journal of Nutrition, vol. 44, pp. 307–315, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  24. T. C. P. Dinis, V. M. C. Madeira, and L. M. Almeida, “Action of phenolic derivatives (acetaminophen, salicylate, and 5-aminosalicylate) as inhibitors of membrane lipid peroxidation and as peroxyl radical scavengers,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 315, no. 1, pp. 161–169, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. T. Chang, J. H. Wu, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Kang, N. S. Yang, and L. F. Shyur, “Antioxidant activity of extracts from Acacia confusa Bark and Heartwood,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 3420–3424, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Tiwary, S. N. Naik, D. K. Tewary, P. K. Mittal, and S. Yadav, “Chemical composition and larvicidal activities of the essential oil of Zanthoxylum armatum DC (Rutaceae) against three mosquito vectors,” Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 198–204, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Bhattacharya and K. Zaman, “Essential oil composition of fruits and leaves of Zanthoxylum nitidum grown in upper Assam region of India,” Pharmacognosy Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 148–151, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  28. N. Jain, S. K. Srivastava, K. K. Aggarwal, S. Ramesh, and S. Kumar, “Essential oil composition of Zanthoxylum alatum seeds from northern India,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 408–410, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. B. Mehta, M. D. Kharya, R. Srivastava, and K. C. Verma, “Antimicrobial and anthelmintic activities of the essential oil of Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb,” Indian Perfumer, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 19–21, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  30. C. Proestos, N. Chorianopoulos, G. J. E. Nychas, and M. Komaitis, “RP-HPLC analysis of the phenolic compounds of plant extracts. Investigation of their antioxidant capacity and antimicrobial activity,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1190–1195, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. P. Rauha, S. Remes, M. Heinonen et al., “Antimicrobial effects of Finnish plant extracts containing flavonoids and other phenolic compounds,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 3–12, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Guleria, A. K. Tiku, G. Singh, A. Koul, and V. K. Razdan, “Chemical composition, antioxidant activity and inhibitory effects of essential oil of Eucalyptus teretecornis grown in north-western Himalaya against Alternaria alternate,” Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 44–50, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  33. S. Kordali, A. Cakir, A. Mavi, H. Kilic, and A. Yildirim, “Screening of chemical composition and antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from three Turkish Artemisia species,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1408–1416, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Bougatsos, O. Ngassapa, D. K. B. Runyoro, and I. B. Chinou, “Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of two Helichrysum species from Tanzania,” Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C, vol. 59, no. 5-6, pp. 368–372, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. D. Cha, E. K. Jung, B. S. Kil, and K. Y. Lee, “Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Artemisia feddei,” Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2061–2065, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. Horváth, N. Jámbor, A. Végh et al., “Antimicrobial activity of essential oils: the possibilities of TLC-bioautography,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 178–182, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  37. H. J. D. Dorman, A. Peltoketo, R. Hiltunen, and M. J. Tikkanen, “Characterisation of the antioxidant properties of de-odourised aqueous extracts from selected Lamiaceae herbs,” Food Chemistry, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 255–262, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Meir, J. Kanner, B. Akiri, and S. Philosoph-Hadas, “Determination and involvement of aqueous reducing compounds in oxidative defense systems of various senescing leaves,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 1813–1819, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. H. Ebrahimabadi, E. H. Ebrahimabadi, Z. Djafari-Bidgoli, F. J. Kashi, A. Mazoochi, and H. Batooli, “Composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and extracts of Stachys inflata Benth from Iran,” Food Chemistry, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 452–458, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Wojdyło, J. Oszmiański, and R. Czemerys, “Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in 32 selected herbs,” Food Chemistry, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 940–949, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Guleria, A. K. Tiku, G. Singh, D. Vyas, and A. Bhardwaj, “Antioxidant activity and protective effect against plasmid DNA strand scission of leaf, bark, and heartwood extracts from Acacia catechu,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 76, no. 9, pp. C959–C964, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Ghasemzadeh, V. Omidvar, and H. Z. E. Jaafar, “Polyphenolic content and their antioxidant activity in leaf extract of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas),” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 6, no. 15, pp. 2971–2976, 2012. View at Google Scholar