The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Assessing the Ecological Risk of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediments at Langkawi Island, Malaysia

Table 5

PAH concentrations (ng g−1 d.w.) in sediments from various marine sites in the world.

LocationsN aConcentrationsReference

Langat Estuary-Malaysia 17322–2480[46]
East coast of Malaysia 17260–590[59]
Singapore Island1515220–82410 [31]
Egypt-Mediterranean sea3913.5–22,600[16]
Naples harbour, southern Italy169–31774[32]
Gulf of Fos area, France, Mediterranean sea1334–2700[60]
Tokyo Bay, Japan261372–1615[33]
Italian marine protected areas (MPA)160.71–1550[61]
Jakarta Bay, Indonesia26257–1511[33]
Jiulong River Estuary and
Western Xiamen Sea, China
Marine sediments in Thailand156–228[35]
Estero de Urias Estuary, Mexico1227–418[36]
Italy, Mediterranean sea1640–679[62]
Gulf of Aden, Yemen462.2–604[37]
Southwest Taiwan 2815–907 [38]
Hong Kong (fish farms)16123–947[26]
Langkawi Island, Malaysia18868–1637Present study

Number of PAHs.

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