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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 874093, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/874093
Research Article

Determination of Aflatoxin B1 Levels in Organic Spices and Herbs

1Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Celal Bayar University, Manisa 45140, Turkey
2Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Celal Bayar University, Manisa 45140, Turkey

Received 27 March 2013; Accepted 12 May 2013

Academic Editors: E. Garcia-Moruno and D. Zhou

Copyright © 2013 Halil Tosun and Recep Arslan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Organically produced spices and herbs were analyzed for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) by ELISA using immunoaffinity column. For this purpose 93 organic spices and 37 organic herbs were randomly selected from organic markets and organic shops in Turkey. AFB1 was detected in 58 organic spice and 32 organic herb samples. Among organic spice samples, the maximum value was detected in cinnamon sample (53 μg/kg). AFB1 was not detected in thyme samples. AFB1 levels of 41 organic spice samples were above the EU regulatory limit (5 μg/kg). Among organic herb samples the highest concentration of AFB1 (52.5 μg/kg) was detected in a rosehip sample. AFB1 levels of 21 organic herb samples were above the regulatory limits of the European Union. These results showed that more stringent measures must be taken for the prevention of mold contamination in the production of organic spices and herbs.