Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 892781, 20 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/892781
Research Article

Ballistic Resistance of Honeycomb Sandwich Panels under In-Plane High-Velocity Impact

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment, School of Automotive Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, B1211 Innovation Park, No. 2 Linggong Road, Ganjingzi District, Dalian 116024, China

Received 2 July 2013; Accepted 19 August 2013

Academic Editors: U. Lee and S. Zhang

Copyright © 2013 Chang Qi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. E. Backman and W. Goldsmith, “The mechanics of penetration of projectiles into targets,” International Journal of Engineering Science, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–99, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. Goldsmith and J. L. Sackman, “An experimental study of energy absorption in impact on sandwich plates,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 241–262, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. Goldsmith and D. L. Louie, “Axial perforation of aluminum honeycombs by projectiles,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 32, no. 8-9, pp. 1017–1046, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. Goldsmith, G.-T. Wang, K. Li, and D. Crane, “Perforation of cellular sandwich plates,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 19, no. 5-6, pp. 361–379, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. A. W. Mines, C. M. Worrall, and A. G. Gibson, “Low velocity perforation behaviour of polymer composite sandwich panels,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 855–879, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. A. Nia, S. B. Razavi, and G. H. Majzoobi, “Ballistic limit determination of aluminum honeycombs—experimental study,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 488, no. 1-2, pp. 273–280, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Meo, R. Vignjevic, and G. Marengo, “The response of honeycomb sandwich panels under low-velocity impact loading,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1301–1325, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Crupi, G. Epasto, and E. Guglielmino, “Collapse modes in aluminium honeycomb sandwich panels under bending and impact loading,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 43, pp. 6–15, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. S. Hoo Fatt and K. S. Park, “Perforation of honeycomb sandwich plates by projectiles,” Composites A, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 889–899, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Lin and M. S. Hoo Fatt, “Perforation of sandwich panels with honeycomb cores by hemispherical nose projectiles,” Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 133–172, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. H. Liaghat, A. A. Nia, H. R. Daghyani, and M. Sadighi, “Ballistic limit evaluation for impact of cylindrical projectiles on honeycomb panels,” Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 55–61, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Feli and M. H. N. Pour, “An analytical model for composite sandwich panels with honeycomb core subjected to high-velocity impact,” Composites B, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 2439–2447, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. C. C. Foo, L. K. Seah, and G. B. Chai, “Low-velocity impact failure of aluminium honeycomb sandwich panels,” Composite Structures, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 20–28, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. C. Foo, G. B. Chai, and L. K. Seah, “A model to predict low-velocity impact response and damage in sandwich composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 1348–1356, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. L. Buitrago, C. Santiuste, S. Sánchez-Sáez, E. Barbero, and C. Navarro, “Modelling of composite sandwich structures with honeycomb core subjected to high-velocity impact,” Composite Structures, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 2090–2096, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. K. Khan, T. Baig, and S. Mirza, “Experimental investigation of in-plane and out-of-plane crushing of aluminum honeycomb,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 539, pp. 135–142, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. L. Hu and T. X. Yu, “Dynamic crushing strength of hexagonal honeycombs,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 467–474, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Ajdari, H. Nayeb-Hashemi, and A. Vaziri, “Dynamic crushing and energy absorption of regular, irregular and functionally graded cellular structures,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 48, no. 3-4, pp. 506–516, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “The influence of cell micro-topology on the in-plane dynamic crushing of honeycombs,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 98–109, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Nakamoto, T. Adachi, and W. Araki, “In-plane impact behavior of honeycomb structures filled with linearly arranged inclusions,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 1019–1026, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Li, X.-L. Gao, and J. Wang, “Dynamic crushing behavior of honeycomb structures with irregular cell shapes and non-uniform cell wall thickness,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 44, no. 14-15, pp. 5003–5026, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. X. M. Qiu, J. Zhang, and T. X. Yu, “Collapse of periodic planar lattices under uniaxial compression, part II: dynamic crushing based on finite element simulation,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 36, no. 10-11, pp. 1231–1241, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Z. Zou, S. R. Reid, P. J. Tan, S. Li, and J. J. Harrigan, “Dynamic crushing of honeycombs and features of shock fronts,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 165–176, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. R. Reid and C. Peng, “Dynamic uniaxial crushing of wood,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 19, no. 5-6, pp. 531–570, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. J. Tan, S. R. Reid, J. J. Harrigan, Z. Zou, and S. Li, “Dynamic compressive strength properties of aluminium foams. Part II—‘shock’ theory and comparison with experimental data and numerical models,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 2206–2230, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Prawoto, “Seeing auxetic materials from the mechanics point of view: a structural review on the negative Poisson's ratio,” Computational Materials Science, vol. 58, pp. 140–153, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. ANSYS I, Ansys Documentation. ANSYS LS-DYNA User's Guide, Version 8.1, 2004.
  28. J. Hallquist, LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual, Version: 970, Livermore Software Technology Corporation, 2003.
  29. M. Langseth and O. S. Hopperstad, “Static and dynamic axial crushing of square thin-walled aluminium extrusions,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 18, no. 7-8, pp. 949–968, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. Teng, T. Wierzbicki, and M. Huang, “Ballistic resistance of double-layered armor plates,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 870–884, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. G. Hanssen, Y. Girard, L. Olovsson, T. Berstad, and M. Langseth, “A numerical model for bird strike of aluminium foam-based sandwich panels,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1127–1144, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Kasano, “Recent advances in high-velocity impact perforation of fiber composite laminates,” JSME International Journal A, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 147–157, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. E. Evans and K. L. Alderson, “Auxetic materials: the positive side of being negative,” Engineering Science and Education Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 148–154, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. Kepler, “Impact penetration of sandwich panels at different velocities—an experimental parameter study: part I—parameters and results,” Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 357–374, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Kepler, “Impact penetration of sandwich panels at different velocities—an experimental parameter study: part II—interpretation of results and modeling,” Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 379–397, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. V. Skvortsov, J. Kepler, and E. Bozhevolnaya, “Energy partition for ballistic penetration of sandwich panels,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 697–716, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. W. Hou, F. Zhu, G. Lu, and D.-N. Fang, “Ballistic impact experiments of metallic sandwich panels with aluminium foam core,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 1045–1055, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus