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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 897159, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/897159
Research Article

Novel Silica-Based Hybrid Adsorbents: Lead(II) Adsorption Isotherms

Key Laboratory of Membrane Materials & Processes, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, 99 Jinxiu Road, Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone, Hefei 230601, China

Received 8 August 2013; Accepted 24 September 2013

Academic Editors: H. A. Alegria, M. Y. Arica, and J. L. Zhou

Copyright © 2013 Junsheng Liu and Xin Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Water pollution caused by the lead(II) from the spent liquor has caught much attention. The research from the theoretical model to application fundaments is of vital importance. In this study, lead(II) adsorption isotherms are investigated using a series of hybrid membranes containing mercapto groups (–SH groups) as the hybrid adsorbents. To determine the best fitting equation, the experimental data were analyzed using six two-parameter isotherm equations (i.e., Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), Temkin, Harkins-Jura, and Halsey isotherm models). It was found that the lead(II) adsorption on these samples followed the Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), and Halsey isotherm models. Moreover, the mean free energy of adsorption was calculated using Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm model and it was confirmed that the adsorption process was physical in nature. These findings are very meaningful in the removal of lead(II) ions from water using the hybrid membranes as adsorbents.