Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 921819, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/921819
Research Article

Association of Psoriasis Severity with Serum Prolactin, Thyroid Hormones, and Cortisol before and after Treatment

1Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Shahrdari Street, Tajrish Square, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received 5 August 2013; Accepted 8 September 2013

Academic Editors: L. Misery and G. A. Vena

Copyright © 2013 Reza M. Robati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Ozawa and S. Aiba, “Immunopathogenesis of psoriasis,” Current Drug Targets: Inflammation and Allergy, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 137–144, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. J. Wisnieski, “Urticarial vasculitis,” Current Opinion in Rheumatology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 24–31, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Asadullah, H.-D. Volk, and W. Sterry, “Novel immunotherapies for psoriasis,” Trends in Immunology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 47–53, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. A. Langan, C. E. M. Griffiths, and R. Paus, “Exploring the role of prolactin in psoriasis,” Archives of Dermatological Research, vol. 304, no. 2, pp. 115–118, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. S. M. Giasuddin, A. I. El-Sherif, and S. I. El-Ojali, “Prolactin: does it have a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis?” Dermatology, vol. 197, no. 2, pp. 119–122, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. C. Priestley, D. J. Gawkrodger, J. Seth, S. M. Going, and J. A. Hunter, “Growth hormone levels in psoriasis,” Archives of Dermatological Research, vol. 276, no. 3, pp. 147–150, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Gorpelioglu, E. Gungor, and N. Alli, “Is prolactin involved in etiopathogenesis of psoriasis?” Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1135–1136, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. O. Arican, K. Bilgic, and K. Koc, “The effect of thyroid hormones in psoriasis vulgaris,” Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 354–356, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. B. Hoath, J. Lakshmanan, S. M. Scott, and D. A. Fisher, “Effect of thyroid hormones on epidermal growth factor concentration in neonatal mouse skin,” Endocrinology, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 308–314, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Z. Zangeneh and A. Fazeli, “The significance of stress hormones in psoriasis,” Acta Medica Iranica, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 485–488, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. C. J. Ribeiro, J. W. Apriletti, B. L. West et al., “The molecular biology of thyroid hormone action,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 758, pp. 366–389, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. N. Elias, K. Dangaran, R. J. Barr, M. K. Rohan, and M. M. Goodman, “A controlled trial of topical propylthiouracil in the treatment of patients with psoriasis,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 455–458, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. R. Elias and R. J. Barr, “Low-dose oral propylthiouracil in the treatment of plaque psoriasis,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 519–520, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. W. M. Evers, E. W. M. Verhoeven, F. W. Kraaimaat et al., “How stress gets under the skin: cortisol and stress reactivity in psoriasis,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 163, no. 5, pp. 986–991, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. J. Tanner, N. C. Hadlow, and R. Wardrop, “Variation of female prolactin levels with menopausal status and phase of menstrual cycle,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 321–324, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Foitzik, E. A. Langan, and R. Paus, “Prolactin and the skin: a dermatological perspective on an ancient pleiotropic peptide hormone,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 129, no. 5, pp. 1071–1087, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. Malekzad, R. Robati, H. Abaei, S. Hejazi, A. Ayatollahi, and S. Younespour, “Insulin resistance in psoriasis: a case-control study,” Iranian Journal of Dermatology, vol. 14, no. 58, pp. 136–139, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. Dilmé-Carreras, G. Martín-Ezquerra, M. Sánchez-Regaña, and P. Umbert-Millet, “Serum prolactin levels in psoriasis and correlation with cutaneous disease activity,” Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 29–32, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. A. El-Khateeb, N. M. Zuel-Fakkar, S. M. Eid, and S. E. Abdul-Wahab, “Prolactin level is significantly elevated in lesional skin of patients with psoriasis,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 693–696, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Amagai, S. Ozawa, M. Ueda, T. Nishikawa, O. Abe, and N. Shimizu, “Distribution of EGF receptor expressing and DNA replicating epidermal cells in psoriasis vulgaris and Bowen's disease,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 661–668, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. I. J. Elenkov and G. P. Chrousos, “Stress hormones, Th1/Th2 patterns, pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines and susceptibility to disease,” Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 359–368, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. P. Chrousos, “Stress, chronic inflammation, and emotional and physical well-being: concurrent effects and chronic sequelae,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. S275–S291, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. Prens, R. Debets, and J. Hegmans, “T lymphocytes in psoriasis,” Clinics in Dermatology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 115–129, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus