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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 945635, 7 pages
Research Article

Developing and Testing a Middle-Range Theory of the Well-Being Supportive Physical Environment of Home-Dwelling Elderly

Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland

Received 22 March 2013; Accepted 23 April 2013

Academic Editors: M. Craft-Rosenberg and M. A. Rose

Copyright © 2013 Satu Elo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim is to describe the development of a middle-range theory by using an inductive-deductive approach. A theory of well-being supporting physical environment of home-dwelling elderly is used as an example. The inductive-deductive theory development process is described through four different phases: (1) the creations of concepts were described inductively through concept synthesis, (2) relationships between the concepts were examined to set up a hypothetical model, (3) hypotheses were set up to verify the concepts and to test hypothetical models, and (4) the verification and presentation of the theory.