Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 106129, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/106129
Research Article

Effect of Layer Thickness in Selective Laser Melting on Microstructure of Al/5 wt.%Fe2O3 Powder Consolidated Parts

1College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 300B, P.O. Box 2420, 3001 Leuven, Belgium

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 1 October 2013; Published 2 January 2014

Academic Editors: V. Calderón, X. Jia, W. Li, and A. Sánchez-Herencia

Copyright © 2014 Sasan Dadbakhsh and Liang Hao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. S. Mohanty and J. Mazumder, “Solidification behavior and microstructural evolution during laser beam-material interaction,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1269–1279, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Dadbakhsh, L. Hao, and N. Sewell, “Effect of selective laser melting layout on the quality of stainless steel parts,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 241–249, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J.-P. Kruth, G. Levy, F. Klocke, and T. H. C. Childs, “Consolidation phenomena in laser and powder-bed based layered manufacturing,” CIRP Annals, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 730–759, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. C. Santos, M. Shiomi, K. Osakada, and T. Laoui, “Rapid manufacturing of metal components by laser forming,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 46, no. 12-13, pp. 1459–1468, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Louvis, P. Fox, and C. J. Sutcliffe, “Selective laser melting of aluminium components,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 211, no. 2, pp. 275–284, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Buchbinder, H. Schleifenbaum, S. Heidrich, W. Meiners, and J. Bültmann, “High power selective laser melting (HP SLM) of aluminum parts,” Physics Procedia A, vol. 12, pp. 271–278, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  7. L. Hao and S. Dadbakhsh, “Materials and process aspects of selective laser melting of metals and metal matrix composites: a review,” Chinese Journal of Lasers, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 3192–3203, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Dadbakhsh and L. Hao, “In situ formation of particle reinforced Al matrix composite by selective laser melting of Al/Fe2O3 powder mixture,” Advanced Engineering Materials, vol. 14, no. 1-2, pp. 45–48, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Dadbakhsh, L. Hao, P. G. E. Jerrard, and D. Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on selective laser melting behaviour and processing windows of in situ reacted Al/Fe2O3 powder mixture,” Powder Technology, vol. 231, pp. 112–121, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. E. J. Lavernia and T. S. Srivatsan, “The rapid solidification processing of materials: science, principles, technology, advances, and applications,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 287–325, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Rajabi, M. Vahidi, A. Simchi, and P. Davami, “Effect of rapid solidification on the microstructure and mechanical properties of hot-pressed Al-20Si-5Fe alloys,” Materials Characterization, vol. 60, no. 11, pp. 1370–1381, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. ASM International Handbook Committee, vol. 2 of Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, American Society for Metals (ASM) International, Metals Park, Ohio, USA, 1992.
  13. P. Fischer, V. Romano, H. P. Weber, N. P. Karapatis, E. Boillat, and R. Glardon, “Sintering of commercially pure titanium powder with a Nd:YAG laser source,” Acta Materialia, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1651–1662, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Gu, Z. Wang, Y. Shen, Q. Li, and Y. Li, “In-situ TiC particle reinforced Ti-Al matrix composites: powder preparation by mechanical alloying and Selective Laser Melting behavior,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 255, no. 22, pp. 9230–9240, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R.-H. Fan, H.-L. Lü, K.-N. Sun, W.-X. Wang, and X.-B. Yi, “Kinetics of thermite reaction in Al-Fe2O3 system,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 440, no. 2, pp. 129–131, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Yang, P. La, W. Liu, and Y. Hao, “Microstructure and properties of Fe3Al-Fe3 AlC0.5 composites prepared by self-propagating high temperature synthesis casting,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 382, no. 1-2, pp. 8–14, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Durães, B. F. O. Costa, R. Santos, A. Correia, J. Campos, and A. Portugal, “Fe2O3/aluminum thermite reaction intermediate and final products characterization,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 465, no. 1-2, pp. 199–210, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Mei, R. D. Halldearn, and P. Xiao, “Mechanisms of the aluminium-iron oxide thermite reaction,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 541–548, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Verhaeghe, T. Craeghs, J. Heulens, and L. Pandelaers, “A pragmatic model for selective laser melting with evaporation,” Acta Materialia, vol. 57, no. 20, pp. 6006–6012, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. T. Wong, G. Y. Liang, and C. Y. Tang, “The surface character and substructure of aluminium alloys by laser-melting treatment,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 66, no. 1–3, pp. 172–178, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Dirras, J. Gubicza, D. Tingaud, and S. Billard, “Microstructure of Al-Al2O3 nanocomposite formed by in situ phase transformation during Al nanopowder consolidation,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 129, no. 3, pp. 846–852, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. Y. Gao and B. X. Liu, “Surface hardening of Al by high current Fe-ion implantation,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 2209–2214, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Á. Griger and V. Stefániay, “Equilibrium and non-equilibrium intermetallic phases in Al-Fe and Al-Fe-Si Alloys,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 6645–6652, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. M. Allen, K. A. Q. O'Reilly, and B. Cantor, “Effect of semisolid microstructure on solidified phase content in 1xxx Al alloys,” Acta Materialia, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1549–1563, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus