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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 121690, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/121690
Research Article

Comparison of the Chromosome Banding Pattern in the Cytotypes of Nannospalax leucodon and N. xanthodon from Turkey

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, 42031 Konya, Turkey
2Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 603 65 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 20 August 2013; Accepted 13 November 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editors: W. C. Chen and J. A. Encarnação

Copyright © 2014 Atilla Arslan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We present the karyotype characteristics of five cytotypes of mole rats (Nannospalax) with 56 chromosomes revealed by the C-banding and AgNOR staining analyses. We attempt to investigate if the specific distinction between the populations from Thrace (N. leucodon) and Anatolia (N. xanthodon) is reflected also in their karyotypic differentiation. The specimens from each of the five populations studied revealed a distinct karyotype which was different from those found in other populations. The fundamental number of autosomal arms varied from 68 to 72. The amount of C-heterochromatin was larger in the Thrace sample of N. leucodon compared to the Anatolian population of N. xanthodon. The active NOR sites were recorded on five autosomal pairs in N. leucodon, whereas only three or four pairs bearing NOR were observed in N. xanthodon. Differences between the studied populations were quantified in the analysis of the distribution pattern of the C-positive bands and the AgNOR sites in individual chromosomes which indicated a basal position of the Thrace sample of N. leucodon and its divergence from other studied populations. The karyotypes of the 56-chromosome populations of N. leucodon and N. xanthodon are thus distinctly different.