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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 131802, 9 pages
Research Article

Optimization and Analysis of Centrifugal Pump considering Fluid-Structure Interaction

1Wuhan Second Ship Design and Research Institute, Wuhan, Hubei 430064, China
2Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Automobile Parts, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China
3Center for Computer-Aided Design, School of Mechanical Science & Engineering, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China

Received 24 February 2014; Accepted 23 July 2014; Published 13 August 2014

Academic Editor: Mohammad A. Abido

Copyright © 2014 Yu Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents the optimization of vibrations of centrifugal pump considering fluid-structure interaction (FSI). A set of centrifugal pumps with various blade shapes were studied using FSI method, in order to investigate the transient vibration performance. The Kriging model, based on the results of the FSI simulations, was established to approximate the relationship between the geometrical parameters of pump impeller and the root mean square (RMS) values of the displacement response at the pump bearing block. Hence, multi-island genetic algorithm (MIGA) has been implemented to minimize the RMS value of the impeller displacement. A prototype of centrifugal pump has been manufactured and an experimental validation of the optimization results has been carried out. The comparison among results of Kriging surrogate model, FSI simulation, and experimental test showed a good consistency of the three approaches. Finally, the transient mechanical behavior of pump impeller has been investigated using FSI method based on the optimized geometry parameters of pump impeller.