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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 138786, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/138786
Research Article

Screening Dementia in the Outpatient Department: Patients at Risk for Dementia

1Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung City 80145, Taiwan
2Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan
3Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Taiwan
4Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
5Mentality Protection Center, Fo Guang Shan Compassion Foundation, Kaohsiung City 80050, Taiwan
6Department of and Master’s Program in Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan

Received 4 July 2014; Revised 8 August 2014; Accepted 26 August 2014; Published 8 December 2014

Academic Editor: Huali Wang

Copyright © 2014 Shu-Yu Tai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The targeted screening for individuals at the risks of having dementia would be crucial to the further public health issues for dementia. This study aimed to conduct a screening study in an outpatient department of a regional hospital to screen people who were at risk of developing comorbid dementia. Patients who visited Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital (KMTTH) clinics during the period from June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2014, were invited to participate in this screening voluntarily. The trained interviewer collected all participants’ demographic characteristics and used the instrument of ascertainment of dementia 8 (AD8) to find out suspected dementia ones. The result showed a higher ratio (24.1%) of suspected dementia in the outpatient department of a hospital, 500 out of 2017 subjects, than that in the general population. The median (interquartile range) age was significantly higher in the suspected dementia participants (70, (62, 77)) compared to that in nonsuspected dementia ones (65, (60, 73)), and the probability of suspected dementia was significantly increasing with age . Instead of screening dementia in general population, screening people at the risk of dementia could be the practicable and important issues in the care of dementia.