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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 195053, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/195053
Research Article

Modeling Relief Demands in an Emergency Supply Chain System under Large-Scale Disasters Based on a Queuing Network

1School of Economics Management, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
2School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Received 28 August 2013; Accepted 7 November 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editors: R.-M. Chen, F. R. B. Cruz, B. Naderi, and H. Wu

Copyright © 2014 Xinhua He and Wenfa Hu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a multiple-rescue model for an emergency supply chain system under uncertainties in large-scale affected area of disasters. The proposed methodology takes into consideration that the rescue demands caused by a large-scale disaster are scattered in several locations; the servers are arranged in multiple echelons (resource depots, distribution centers, and rescue center sites) located in different places but are coordinated within one emergency supply chain system; depending on the types of rescue demands, one or more distinct servers dispatch emergency resources in different vehicle routes, and emergency rescue services queue in multiple rescue-demand locations. This emergency system is modeled as a minimal queuing response time model of location and allocation. A solution to this complex mathematical problem is developed based on genetic algorithm. Finally, a case study of an emergency supply chain system operating in Shanghai is discussed. The results demonstrate the robustness and applicability of the proposed model.