Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 203047, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/203047
Research Article

Effects of Processing Parameters on the Synthesis of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 Nanopowders by Reactive High-Energy Ball Milling Method

Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 24 November 2013; Published 27 January 2014

Academic Editors: K. Georgarakis and P. Potiyaraj

Copyright © 2014 Nguyen Duc Van. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Zhang, R. Xia, and T. R. Shrout, “Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics vs. PZT?” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 251–257, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Priya and S. Nahm, Eds., Lead-Free Piezoelectrics, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  3. D.-Y. Jeong, S.-H. Lee, H.-C. Song, K.-H. Choi, and J.-H. Cho, “Hydrothermal synthesis and microwave sintering of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 ceramics,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 663–667, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. D. Handoko and G. K. L. Goh, “Hydrothermal synthesis of sodium potassium niobate solid solutions at 200°C,” Green Chemistry, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 680–687, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Hao, Z. Xu, R. Chu et al., “Characterization of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 powders and ceramics prepared by a novel hybrid method of sol-gel and ultrasonic atomization,” Materials and Design, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 3146–3150, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. C. Lee, H.-G. Yeo, J. H. Cho et al., “Alkali metal non-stoichiometric effects in (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 based piezoelectric ceramics,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 453–456, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Yang, Y. Lin, J. Zhu, and F. Wang, “An efficient approach for direct synthesis of K0.5Na0.5NbO3 powders,” Powder Technology, vol. 196, no. 2, pp. 233–236, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Zhang, L. Han, S. Bai, T. Sun, T. Karaki, and M. Adachi, “Hydrothermal synthesis of (K,Na)NbO3 particles,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 7685–7688, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Chowdhury, S. O'Callaghan, T. A. Skidmore, C. James, and S. J. Milne, “Nano-powders of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 prepared by the Pechini method,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 758–761, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Chowdhury, J. Bould, Y. Zhang, C. James, and S. J. Milne, “Nano-powders of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 made by a sol-gel method,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 209–215, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Rubio-Marcos, J. J. Romero, M. S. Martín-Gonzalez, and J. F. Fernández, “Effect of stoichiometry and milling processes in the synthesis and the piezoelectric properties of modified KNN nanoparticles by solid state reaction,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 2763–2771, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. D. Van, “Direct synthesis of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 powders by mechanochemical method,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2013, Article ID 230216, 4 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Rojac, M. Kosec, P. Šegedin, B. Malič, and J. Holc, “The formation of a carbonato complex during the mechanochemical treatment of a Na2CO3-Nb2O5 mixture,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 177, no. 33-34, pp. 2987–2995, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. Branković, G. Branković, Č. Jovalekić, Y. Maniette, M. Cilense, and J. A. Varela, “Mechanochemical synthesis of PZT powders,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 345, no. 1-2, pp. 243–248, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Sopicka-Lizer, Ed., High-Energy Ball Milling, Woodhead Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2010.
  16. T. Rojac, M. Kosec, M. Połomska, B. Hilczer, P. Šegedin, and A. Bencan, “Mechanochemical reaction in the K2CO3–Nb2O5 system,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 29, no. 14, pp. 2999–3006, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Rojac, Ž. Trtnik, and M. Kosec, “Mechanochemical reactions in Na2CO3–M2O5 (M=V, Nb, Ta) powder mixtures: influence of transition-metal oxide on reaction rate,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 190, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Rojac, M. Kosec, B. Malič, and J. Holc, “Mechanochemical synthesis of NaNbO3, KNbO3 and K0.5Na0.5NbO3,” Science of Sintering, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus