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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 210504, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/210504
Review Article

Coupling of Algal Biofuel Production with Wastewater

Algae Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus, Bhimtal, Nainital, Uttarakhand-263136, India

Received 19 February 2014; Accepted 13 March 2014; Published 26 May 2014

Academic Editors: Y.-C. Yong, S.-G. Zhou, and L. Zhuang

Copyright © 2014 Neha Chamoli Bhatt et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Microalgae have gained enormous consideration from scientific community worldwide emerging as a viable feedstock for a renewable energy source virtually being carbon neutral, high lipid content, and comparatively more advantageous to other sources of biofuels. Although microalgae are seen as a valuable source in majority part of the world for production of biofuels and bioproducts, still they are unable to accomplish sustainable large-scale algal biofuel production. Wastewater has organic and inorganic supplements required for algal growth. The coupling of microalgae with wastewater is an effective way of waste remediation and a cost-effective microalgal biofuel production. In this review article, we will primarily discuss the possibilities and current scenario regarding coupling of microalgal cultivation with biofuel production emphasizing recent progress in this area.