The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Microbiological Quality of Fresh Produce from Open Air Markets and Supermarkets in the Philippines

Table 2

Prevalence of microbial contamination in fresh produce from open air markets and supermarkets in the Philippines by culture and real-time PCR techniquesa.

Fresh produceE. coli Salmonella spp. (% and no. of positive/total)Coliphages
Open airSupermarketOpen AirSupermarketOpen airSupermarket

Bell pepper10% (5/50)20% (2/10)20% (10/50)30% (3/10)62% (31/50)60% (6/10)
Cabbage10% (5/50)20% (2/10)22% (11/50)10% (1/10)52% (26/50)60% (6/10)
Carrot22% (11/50)30% (3/10)38% (19/50)50% (5/10)38% (19/50)100% (10/10)
Lettuce24% (12/50)20% (2/10)24% (12/50)30% (3/10)64% (32/50)80% (8/10)
Tomato16% (8/50)0% (0/10)18% (9/50)10% (1/10)6% (3/50)0% (0/10)

Total41/2509/5061/25013/50111/25030/50

Values are expressed in percentages of contaminated fresh produce from 60 per type from all open air markets, 10 fresh produce samples per type from all supermarkets. Values in parentheses are number of positive samples for E. coli, Salmonella spp., and somatic phages over the total produce surveyed.