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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 232906, 14 pages
Review Article

Interferometric Dynamic Measurement: Techniques Based on High-Speed Imaging or a Single Photodetector

1Temasek Laboratories & School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637553
2Institut für Technische Optik, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 9, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
3Department of Engineering Mechanics, AML, CNMM, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Received 4 November 2013; Accepted 15 April 2014; Published 12 May 2014

Academic Editors: S. Grilli, M. Strojnik, and J. Yu

Copyright © 2014 Yu Fu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, optical interferometry-based techniques have been widely used to perform noncontact measurement of dynamic deformation in different industrial areas. In these applications, various physical quantities need to be measured in any instant and the Nyquist sampling theorem has to be satisfied along the time axis on each measurement point. Two types of techniques were developed for such measurements: one is based on high-speed cameras and the other uses a single photodetector. The limitation of the measurement range along the time axis in camera-based technology is mainly due to the low capturing rate, while the photodetector-based technology can only do the measurement on a single point. In this paper, several aspects of these two technologies are discussed. For the camera-based interferometry, the discussion includes the introduction of the carrier, the processing of the recorded images, the phase extraction algorithms in various domains, and how to increase the temporal measurement range by using multiwavelength techniques. For the detector-based interferometry, the discussion mainly focuses on the single-point and multipoint laser Doppler vibrometers and their applications for measurement under extreme conditions. The results show the effort done by researchers for the improvement of the measurement capabilities using interferometry-based techniques to cover the requirements needed for the industrial applications.