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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 240729, 9 pages
Research Article

Low-Energy Plasma Focus Device as an Electron Beam Source

1Plasma Technology Research Center, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Physics, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, 45320 Islamabad, Pakistan
3Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 24 March 2014; Revised 17 June 2014; Accepted 18 June 2014; Published 21 July 2014

Academic Editor: Constantin Kappas

Copyright © 2014 Muhammad Zubair Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A low-energy plasma focus device was used as an electron beam source. A technique was developed to simultaneously measure the electron beam intensity and energy. The system was operated in Argon filling at an optimum pressure of 1.7 mbar. A Faraday cup was used together with an array of filtered PIN diodes. The beam-target X-rays were registered through X-ray spectrometry. Copper and lead line radiations were registered upon usage as targets. The maximum electron beam charge and density were estimated to be 0.31 μC and /m3, respectively. The average energy of the electron beam was 500 keV. The high flux of the electron beam can be potentially applicable in material sciences.