The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Deep Tissue Massage and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Table 2

Basic characteristics of the groups.

Treatment group ( )Control group ( )Significance of difference

Age NS
GenderMale Male NS
Female Female
Duration of pain (weeks) NS
Deep tissue massage appliedAllAllNA
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs appliedNoneAllNA
Number of DTM procedures1010NA

Comparison of the groups based on classification of low-back disorders according to the Quebec Task Force on spinal disorders

Treatment group ( )Control group ( )Significance of difference

(1) Pain without radiation2810026100 —NS for all comparisons between the treatment group and the control group
(2) Pain with radiation to lower limb proximally312415
(3) Pain with radiation to lower limb distally0000
(4) Pain with radiation to lower limb and neurological signs0000
(5) Presumptive compression of a spinal nerve root on a simple radiogram, that is, spinal instability or fracture0000
(6) Compression of a spinal nerve root confirmed by specific imaging techniques (computerized tomography, myelography, or magnetic resonance imaging) other diagnostic techniques, for example, electromyography and venography0000
(7) Spinal stenosis41428
(8) Postsurgical status, 1–6 weeks after intervention0000
(9) Postsurgical status, >6 weeks after intervention
 (9.1) Asymptomatic
 (9.2) Symptomatic
(10) Chronic pain syndrome2810026100
(11) Other diagnoses0000

NA: nonapplicable.