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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 329397, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/329397
Research Article

Motivators for Physical Activity among Ambulatory Nursing Home Older Residents

1School of Nursing, China Medical University, No. 91, Hsueh Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
2Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
3Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Life Science, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan 71703, Taiwan

Received 29 April 2014; Revised 9 June 2014; Accepted 11 June 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Graziano Onder

Copyright © 2014 Yuh-Min Chen and Yueh-Ping Li. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore self-identified motivators for regular physical activity among ambulatory nursing home older residents. A qualitative exploratory design was adopted. Purposive sampling was performed to recruit 18 older residents from two nursing homes in Taiwan. The interview transcripts were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Five motivators of physical activity emerged from the result of analysis: eagerness for returning home, fear of becoming totally dependent, improving mood state, filling empty time, and previously cultivated habit. Research on physical activity from the perspectives of nursing home older residents has been limited. An empirically grounded understanding from this study could provide clues for promoting and supporting lifelong engagement in physical activity among older residents. The motivators reported in this study should be considered when designing physical activity programs. These motivators can be used to encourage, guide, and provide feedback to support older residents in maintaining physical activity.