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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 350789, 8 pages
Research Article

Node Deployment Algorithm Based on Viscous Fluid Model for Wireless Sensor Networks

School of Computer Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 21094, China

Received 29 April 2014; Accepted 26 June 2014; Published 14 July 2014

Academic Editor: Zhongmei Zhou

Copyright © 2014 Jiguang Chen and Huanyan Qian. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


With the scale expands, traditional deployment algorithms are becoming increasingly complicated than before, which are no longer fit for sensor networks. In order to reduce the complexity, we propose a node deployment algorithm based on viscous fluid model. In wireless sensor networks, sensor nodes are abstracted as fluid particles. Similar to the diffusion and self-propagation behavior of fluid particles, sensor nodes realize deployment in unknown region following the motion rules of fluid. Simulation results show that our algorithm archives good coverage rate and homogeneity in large-scale sensor networks.