The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Monitoring of the Adult Patient on Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Table 1

Indications for VA ECMO.

Refractory cardiogenic shock
 Myocardial infarction
 Primary graft failure following heart transplantation
 Postcardiotomy (failure to wean from CPB after cardiac
 Drug overdose resulting in profound myocardial depression
 Septic cardiomyopathy
 Peripartum cardiomyopathy
Pulmonary embolism
Recurrent dysrhythmias such as ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation
Severe pulmonary hypertension
Anaphylactic shock
Trauma to major vessels or myocardium
Massive hemoptysis or pulmonary hemorrhage
Pre- or postprocedure circulatory support for high risk interventional procedures