Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 397402, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/397402
Research Article

Variations of Scale Height at F-Region Peak Based on Ionosonde Measurements during Solar Maximum over the Crest of Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Region

Department of Information Technology, Ling Tung University, Taichung 408, Taiwan

Received 1 June 2014; Accepted 3 July 2014; Published 4 August 2014

Academic Editor: Jianshe Lei

Copyright © 2014 Yu-Jung Chuo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. G. Booker, “Fitting of multi-region ionospheric profiles of electron density by a single analytic function of height,” Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 619–623, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Rawer, D. Bilitza, and T. L. Gulyaeva, “New formulas for the IRI electron density profile in the topside and middle ionosphere,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 3–12, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Rawer, “Synthesis of ionospheric electron density profiles with Epstein functions,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 191–199, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. di Giovanni and S. M. Radicella, “An analytical model of the electron density profile in the ionosphere,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 27–30, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. W. Reinisch and X. Huang, “Deducing topside profiles and total electron content from bottomside ionograms,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 23–30, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. M. Stankov, N. Jakowski, S. Heise, P. Muhtarov, I. Kutiev, and R. Warnant, “A new method for reconstruction of the vertical electron density distribution in the upper ionosphere and plasmasphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 108, no. A5, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. W. Reinisch, X. Q. Huang, A. Belehaki, J. H. Shi, M. L. Zhang, and R. Ilma, “Modeling the IRI topside profile using scale heights from ground-based ionosonde measurements,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 2026–2031, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. W. Reinisch, P. Nsumei, X. Huang, and D. K. Bilitza, “Modeling the F2 topside and plasmasphere for IRI using IMAGE/RPI and ISIS data,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 731–738, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Liu, W. Wan, and B. Ning, “A study of the ionogram derived effective scale height around the ionospheric hmF2,” Annales Geophysicae, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 851–860, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Zhang, B. W. Reinisch, J. Shi, S. Wu, and X. Wang, “Diurnal and seasonal variation of the ionogram-derived scale height at the F2 peak,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 967–971, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Mosert, R. Ezquer, B. de la Morena, D. Altadill, G. Mansilla, and G. Miro Amarante, “Behavior of the scale height at the F2 layer peak derived from Digisonde measurements at two European stations,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 755–758, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C.-C. Lee and B. W. Reinisch, “Quiet-condition variations in the scale height at F2-layer peak at Jicamarca during solar minimum and maximum,” Annales Geophysicae, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 2541–2550, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Nambala, L. McKinnell, and E. Oyeyemi, “Variations in the ionospheric scale height parameter at the F2 peak over Grahamstown, South Africa,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 707–711, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Tulasi Ram, S.-Y. Su, C. H. Liu, B. W. Reinisch, and L. Lee McKinnell, “Topside ionospheric effective scale heights (HT) derived with ROCSAT-1 and ground-based ionosonde observations at equatorial and midlatitude stations,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 114, no. 10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. E. Titheridge, “Ionogram analysis with the generalized program POLAN,” Report UAG-93, World Data Center A for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  16. L. F. McNamara, D. L. Cooke, C. E. Valladares, and B. W. Reinisch, “Comparison of CHAMP and digisonde plasma frequencies at jicamarca, peru,” Radio Science, vol. 42, no. 2, Article ID RS2005, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. R. W. Schunk and A. F. Nagy, in Ionospheres: Physics, Plasma Physics, and Chemistry, J. A. Dessler, J. T. Houghton, and M. J. Rycroft, Eds., Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series, pp. 335–375, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000.
  18. G. W. Prölss, “Storm-induced changes in the thermospheric composition at middle latitudes,” Planetary and Space Science, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 807–811, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Davies and X. M. Liu, “Ionospheric slab thickness in middle and low latitudes,” Radio Science, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 997–1005, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. G. Fejer, E. R. de Paula, R. A. Heelis, and W. B. Hanson, “Global equatorial ionospheric vertical plasma drifts measured by the AE-E satellite,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 100, pp. 5769–5776, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. T. Farley, E. Bonelli, and B. G. Fejer, “The pre-reversal enhancement of the zonal electric field in the equatorial ionosphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 91, pp. 13723–13728, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  22. X. Huang and B. W. Reinisch, “Vertical electron content from ionograms in real time,” Radio Science, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 335–342, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. K. K. Murthy, S. S. Hari, and V. V. Somayajulu, “Nighttime equatorial thermospheric meridional winds from ionospheric h’F data,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 95, no. A4, pp. 4307–4310, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar