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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 484905, 8 pages
Clinical Study

Individualized Tailor-Made Dietetic Intervention Program at Schools Enhances Eating Behaviors and Dietary Habits in Obese Hispanic Children of Low Socioeconomic Status

1Clinical Nutrition and Obesity Research Center, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Avenue Morones Prieto 3000 Pte., Col. Los Doctores, 64710 Monterrey, NL, Mexico
2Tecnológico de Monterrey, Avenue Morones Prieto 3000 Pte., Col. Los Doctores, 64710 Monterrey, NL, Mexico

Received 21 August 2013; Accepted 24 November 2013; Published 30 January 2014

Academic Editors: Y.-C. Huang, T. A. Mori, and N. Vikram

Copyright © 2014 Leticia Elizondo-Montemayor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hispanic children and those from low-socioeconomic status are predisposed to unhealthy eating habits and obesity. Aim. to implement an individualized, face-to-face, parent supported, and school-partnership dietetic intervention to promote healthy eating habits and decrease body mass index. Prospective school year dietetic intervention of 101 obese, Hispanic, low-socioeconomic school-age children representative of Monterrey, Mexico, consisted of anthropometrics, dietetic assessment, energy-restriction tailor-made daily menus, and parental education every three weeks. Student’s -test was used for means comparison. A significant decrease was found in body mass index percentile to and energy intake/day of −755.7 kcal/day . Among other energy dense foods with significant decline in servings/day and servings/week were processed meats to and to , resp.), saturated fat to and to , sweetened beverages to and to , and desserts and refined-grain bakery to and to . There was a significant increase in servings/day and servings/week of water to and to , resp.) and nutrient dense foods such as fruits to and to and fish and poultry to . This intervention created healthy eating habits and decreased body mass index in a high risk population. Trial registration number: NCT01925976.