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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 523984, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/523984
Research Article

Subclinical Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Incidence, Economics, and Predisposing Factors

1Directorate of Water Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751023, India
2Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243122, India
3Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753006, India

Received 27 January 2014; Accepted 15 June 2014; Published 30 June 2014

Academic Editor: Agnieszka Rak-Mardyła

Copyright © 2014 Mukesh Kr. Sinha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A study was conducted to assess the incidence and economics of subclinical form of bovine mastitis in Central Region of India. Daily milk records of 187 animals during three seasons were collected and subjected to analysis. The economic loss due to reduction in yield, clinical expenses, and additional resources used were quantified and aggregated. The losses due to mastitis in monetary terms were estimated to be INR1390 per lactation, among which around 49% was owing to loss of value from milk and 37% on account of veterinary expenses. Higher losses were observed in crossbred cows due to their high production potential that was affected during mastitis period. The cost of treating an animal was estimated to be INR509 which includes cost of medicine (31.10%) and services (5.47%). Inadequate sanitation, hygiene, and veterinary services were the main predisposing factors for incidence and spread of mastitis as perceived by the respondents.