Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 536105, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/536105
Research Article

Construction Materials Used in the Historical Roman Era Bath in Myra

1Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Akdeniz University, 07058 Antalya, Turkey
2Department of Civil Engineering, Akdeniz University, 07058 Antalya, Turkey

Received 3 April 2014; Accepted 9 June 2014; Published 26 June 2014

Academic Editor: İlker Bekir Topçu

Copyright © 2014 Cem Oguz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Yüzer, S. Ulukaya, and A. B. Yoruç Hazar, “Determination of the properties of original materials in Historical buildings; sample of apsidal construction remains at Üsküdar,” in Proceedings of Symposium for Protection and repair of Historical Buildings (TAYKON), pp. 500–509, Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.
  2. E. Sagin Uğurlu and H. Böke, “Properties of lime and bricks to be used at horasan mortar and plaster to be produced for protection purpose,” in Proceedings of the 5th National Congress and Exhibition of Construction Materials, pp. 385–396, Istanbul, Turkey, 2010.
  3. L. Schueremans, Ö. Cizer, E. Janssens, G. Serré, and K. van Balen, “Characterization of repair mortars for the assessment of their compatibility in restoration projects: research and practice,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 4338–4350, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Işıkdağ and İ. B. Topçu, “Improvement of Khorasan mortar with fly ash for restoration of historical buildings,” Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 359–367, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  5. B. Işıkdağ and İ. B. Topçu, “The effect of ground granulated blast-furnace slag on properties of Horasan mortar,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 40, pp. 448–454, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Gürdal, G. K. Altaş, and S. A. Özgünler, “Investigation of Khorasan mortar properties used in early age Byzantine Period Religious Structures,” Annual of Restoration, Conservation, Archeology and Art History, vol. 2, pp. 63–72, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  7. E. Uğurlu and H. Böke, “Properties of Horasan plaster used in the baths of the Ottoman Time,” in Proceedings of the 3rd National Congress and Exhibition of Construction Materials, pp. 585–596, Istanbul, Turkey, 2006.
  8. M. R. Labiadh, M. B. Ouezdou, B. T. Hajjem, and R. Mensi, “Characterization of waterproof-covering mortars on Ottoman monuments of “Ghar El Melh” (Tunisia),” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 423–433, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Corti, L. Rampazzi, R. Bugini et al., “Thermal analysis and archaeological chronology: the ancientmortars of the site of Baradello (Como, Italy),” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 572, pp. 71–84, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. K. Elert, G. Cultrone, C. R. Navarro, and E. S. Pardo, “Durability of bricks used in the conservation of historic buildings—influence of composition and microstructure,” Journal of Cultural Heritage, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 91–99, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. López-Arce, J. Garcia-Guinea, M. Gracia, and J. Obis, “Bricks in historical buildings of Toledo City: characterisation and restoration,” Materials Characterization, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 59–68, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Stuart, “The analysis of bricks from archaeological sites in Australia,” Australasian Historical Archaeology, vol. 23, pp. 79–88, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  13. F. M. Fernandes, P. B. Lourenço, and F. Castro, “Ancient clay bricks: manufacture and properties,” in Materials, Technologies and Practice in Historic Heritage Structures, pp. 1–21, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  14. N. Çevik, “Preliminary thoughts while starting Myra and Port Andriake excavation,” Arkeoloji ve Sanat Dergisi, vol. 134, pp. 53–82, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  15. TS EN 1936, Natural Stone Test Methods-Determination of Real Density and Apparent Density and of Total and Open Porosity, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, Turkey, 1936.
  16. W. Bartz and T. Filar, “Mineralogical characterization of rendering mortars from decorative details of a baroque building in Kożuchów (SW Poland),” Materials Characterization, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 105–115, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Tironi, M. A. Trezza, A. N. Scian, and E. F. Irassar, “Assessment of pozzolanic activity of different calcined clays,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 319–327, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Donatello, M. Tyrer, and C. R. Cheeseman, “Comparison of test methods to assess pozzolanic activity,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 121–127, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. P. Luxán, F. Madruga, and J. Saavedra, “Rapid evaluation of pozzolanic activity of natural products by conductivity measurement,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 63–68, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Cardiano, S. Ioppolo, C. de Stefano, A. Pettignano, S. Sergi, and P. Piraino, “Study and characterization of the ancient bricks of monastery of “San Filippo di Fragalà” in Frazzanò (Sicily),” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 519, no. 1, pp. 103–111, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. S. Silva, T. Cruz, M. J. Paiva et al., “Mineralogical and chemical characterization of historical mortars from military fortifications in Lisbon harbour (Portugal),” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 1641–1650, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. Arıkan, Micro analysis techniques of the antique construction materials of Patara Hurmalik Bath and its characterization with spectroscopic methods [M. S. thesis], Anadolu University, The Institute of Science, 2009.
  23. C. Genestar and C. Pons, “Ancient covering plaster mortars from several convents and Islamic and Gothic palaces in Palma de Mallorca (Spain). Analytical characterisation,” Journal of Cultural Heritage, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 291–298, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. Lopez-Arce and J. Garcia-Guinea, “Weathering traces in ancient bricks from historic buildings,” Building and Environment, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 929–941, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Kurugöl, “Investigation of the mechanical properties and pozzolanic activities of the bricks of Historical Kütahya Castle,” Fırat University Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 13–26, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  26. I. P. Pekmezci, Characterization of historic mortars and plasters in Çukurova region (Cilicia) and proposals for repair mortars [Ph.D. thesis], Institute of Science, Istanbul, Turkey, 2012.
  27. S. Ulukaya, N. Yüzer, M. E. Selçuk, and M. Yıldırım, “Discussion of test methods for identification of historical lime mortars,” in The 100. Year in Civil Engineering Technical Congress, YTU, Istanbul, Turkey, 2012.
  28. S. S. Tunçoku, Characterization of masonary mortars used in some Anatolian Seljuk monuments in Konya, Beyşehir and Akşehir [Ph.D. thesis], ODTU, The Institute of Science, Ankara, Turkey, 2001.
  29. TS EN 771-1, Specification for Masonry Units—Part 1: Clay Masonry Units, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, Turkey, 2005.