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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 587469, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/587469
Research Article

Locked Mouths: Tooth Loss in a Women’s Prison in Northeastern Brazil

1Post Graduate Program in Public Health, State University of Paraiba, Avenida das Baraunas, S/N, Bodocongo, 58429-500 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
2Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, State University of Paraiba, Avenida das Baraunas, S/N, Bodocongo, 58429-500 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
3Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antonio Carlos 6627, Campus Pampulha, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
4Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Paraiba, Cidade Universitaria, Castelo Branco, 58051-900 Joao Pessoa, PB, Brazil

Received 19 February 2014; Revised 4 June 2014; Accepted 4 June 2014; Published 8 July 2014

Academic Editor: Arndt Guentsch

Copyright © 2014 Iris Sant’ Anna Araújo Rodrigues et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Prisoners, in general, exhibit unsatisfactory oral conditions, especially with regard to the large number of missing teeth and with untreated caries. The aim of this study was to assess tooth loss, use of and need for prosthetic rehabilitation, and use of dental services among inmates. A cross-sectional study involving 65 inmates was developed at the Regional Women’s Prison of Campina Grande, Brazil. Data regarding sociodemographic and sentencing profile, use of dental services, dental morbidity, and self-perceived oral health impacts were investigated. Chi-square, Pearson, and Kruskal-Wallis ( ) statistical tests were used. The mean tooth loss was 11.3 teeth. Significant association between tooth loss and oral health satisfaction ( ), self-perceived need for dental prosthesis ( ), uncomfortable teeth brushing ( ), difficult speaking ( ), and difficulty in performing routine tasks ( ) was observed. It was observed that 29.2% of inmates were using some type of prosthesis, all deemed unsuitable for use, and 78.5% of inmates needed prosthetic rehabilitation. The oral health condition of the population studied was found to be poor, and prisoners showed significant tooth loss and need for dentures, with the aggravation of having tooth extraction as the major reason for seeking dental care.