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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 620171, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/620171
Research Article

Distribution of Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidative Activities of Rice Kernel and Their Relationships with Agronomic Practice

1Department of Agriculture, School of Biosciences and Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab 144411, India
2Department of Food Science and Technology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
3Department of Post-Modern Agriculture, MingDao University, Changhua County 52345, Taiwan

Received 26 July 2014; Revised 6 November 2014; Accepted 6 November 2014; Published 18 November 2014

Academic Editor: Paula B. Andrade

Copyright © 2014 Amit Kesarwani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The phenolic and antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of two Japonica rice cultivars, Taikeng no. 16 (medium and slender grain) and Kaohsiung no. 139 (short and round grain), grown under organic and conventional farming were examined. Analyses shows that Kaohsiung no. 139 contains the highest amount of secondary metabolites and continuous farming can increase its production. Results also suggest that phenolic content under different agronomic practices, has not shown significant differences but organically grown rice has proven to be better in higher accumulation of other secondary metabolites (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), flavonoid content, and ferrous chelating capacity). In nutshell, genetic traits and environment have significant effect on phenolic compounds and the least variation reported under agronomic practices.