The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Burden and Depressive Symptoms Associated with Adult-Child Caregiving for Individuals with Heart Failure

Table 1

Clinical characteristics and demographic data of study population.

Demographic dataPatients ()Caregivers ()

Age (years)
Gender, male (%)63 (45.7)48 (34.8)
Education status (primary school), (%)81 (58.7)72 (52.1)
Marital status (married), (%)90 (65.2)99 (71.7)
Low socioeconomic status, (%)69 (50)48 (34.8)

Clinical characteristics of HF patientsPatients ()

Hypertension, (%)75 (54.3)
Diabetes mellitus, (%)63 (45.7)
Coronary artery disease, (%)33 (31.4)
Smoking, (%)
  No36 (26.1)
  Yes102 (73.9)
Ejection fraction (%)
Serum creatinine levels (mg/dl)
Pro-BNP levels (pg/mL)
NYHA functional classification, (%)
  Class 10
  Class 251 (37)
  Class 366 (47.8)
  Class 421 (15.2)

Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number of study samples.
HF: heart failure; NYHA: The New York Heart Association; Pro-BNP: pro-brain natriuretic peptide.